The Curse of the Self
Author: Mark R. Leary
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Despite its obvious advantages, our ability to be self-reflective comes at a high price. Few people realize how profoundly their lives are affected by self-reflection or how frequently inner chatter interferes with their success, pollutes their relationships with others, and undermines their happiness. By allowing people to ruminate about the past or imagine what might happen in the future, self-reflection conjures up a great deal of personal suffering in the form of depression, anxiety, anger, jealousy, and other negative emotions. A great deal of unhappiness, in the form of addictions, overeating, and domestic violence, is due to people's inability to exert control over their thoughts and behavior. Is it possible to direct our self-reflection in a way that will minimize the disadvantages and maximize the advantages? Is there a way to affect the egotistical self through self-reflection? In this volume, Mark Leary explores the personal and social problems that are created by the capacity for self-reflection, and by drawing upon psychology and other behavioral sciences, offers insights into how these problems can be minimized.
Author: Mark R Leary
Publisher: Westview Press
People have a pervasive and ongoing concern with how they are perceived and evaluated by others. No matter what they are doing, people typically desire to make certain impressions on other people, and this focus on social images underlies a great deal of human behavior. Mark Leary offers a thorough, integrative review of the antecedents and consequences of self-presentation, examining why we are concerned with our public images and how our self-presentational motives affect behavior and emotion.Leary uses this self-presentational perspective to provide insight into leadership, aggression, attitude change, exercise, conflict, memory, self-enhancement, gender differences, embarrassment, and heath-related behaviors. Looking at both situational factors that affect self-presentational behaviors, and personality variables that predispose some people to be particularly concerned about others' impressions of them, Self-Presentation is an ideal supplemental text for courses in social psychology and personality, as well as for courses dealing with personality, motivation, the self, social influence, and interpersonal behavior.
We Have the Technology
Author: Kara Platoni
Publisher: Basic Books
An award-winning journalist investigates how scientists and citizens around the world are re-tooling our senses—and what their discoveries are teaching us about the nature and future of human perception
Widely regarded as the authoritative reference in the field, this volume comprehensively reviews theory and research on the self. Leading investigators address this essential construct at multiple levels of analysis, from neural pathways to complex social and cultural dynamics. Coverage includes how individuals gain self-awareness, agency, and a sense of identity; self-related motivation and emotion; the role of the self in interpersonal behavior; and self-development across evolutionary time and the lifespan. Connections between self-processes and psychological problems are also addressed. New to This Edition *Incorporates significant theoretical and empirical advances. *Nine entirely new chapters. *Coverage of the social and cognitive neuroscience of self-processes; self-regulation and health; self and emotion; and hypoegoic states, such as mindfulness.
Author: Nalini Ambady, John Joseph Skowronski
Publisher: Guilford Press
This volume brings together leading investigators to explore the science of first impressions: how they are formed, their underlying processes, and effects on emotions, cognitions, and behavior. Integrating cutting-edge theories, methods, and findings from diverse research traditions, the book accessibly conveys the "big picture" of this dynamic area of study. Showcasing the best current work on a fundamental aspect of person perception and social cognition, this book will be read with interest by researchers and students in social and personality psychology, as well as scholars in applied domains. It will fill a unique niche as a text in graduate-level courses.
Author: Mark R. Leary, Robin M. Kowalski
Publisher: Guilford Press
Why does social anxiety occur, and why are some people more prone to it than others? Drawing on work on personality and social psychology, clinical and counselling psychology, communication and sociology, this book provides an overview of basic and applied research in the feelings of anxiety, shyness and embarrassment that are often the consequences of quite ordinary social encounters.; The authors examine the features of situations that elicit social anxiety, personality variables that Predispose People To Be Socially Anxious, The Cognitive And Emotional experience of social anxiety, its evolutionary and physiological underpinnings, and strategies for prevention and treatment. The book includes scales for measuring different manifestations of anxiety, as well as boxed material providing coverage of topics ranging from social anxiety among famous personalities to the implications of social anxiety for student achievement.
Egoicism, a mindset that places primary focus upon oneself, appears to be rampant in contemporary Western cultures as commercial advertisements, popular books, song lyrics, and mobile software applications consistently promote self-interest. Although a focus on oneself has adaptive value forphysical preservation, decision making, and planning, researchers have begun to address the psychological, interpersonal, and broader societal costs of excessive egoicism. In an increasingly crowded and interdependent world, there is a pressing need for investigation of alternatives to a "me andmine first" mindset. For centuries, scholars, spiritual leaders, and social activists have advocated a "hypo-egoic" way of being that is characterized by less self-concern in favor of a more inclusive, "we first" mode of functioning. In recent years, investigations of hypo-egoic functioning have been taken up byphilosophers, cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists. Edited by Kirk Warren Brown and Mark Leary, The Oxford Handbook of Hypo-egoic Phenomena brings together these vital lines of inquiry, distilling current knowledge about hypo-egoicism into a single source book.The authors of each chapter have conducted high-quality research and written authoritatively about topics that involve hypo-egoicism, all together providing an authoritative account of theory, research, and applications of hypo-egoic functioning. Part I of the book offers theoretical perspectivesfrom philosophy and several major branches of psychology to inform our understanding of the nature of hypo-egoicism and its expressions in various domains of life. Part II presents psychological research findings regarding particular psychological phenomena in which hypo-egoicism is a prominentfeature, demonstrating the implications of hypo-egoicism for well-being, emotion regulation, adaptive decision-making, positive social relations, and other markers of human well-being. Each chapter reviews the research literature regarding a particular hypo-egoic phenomenon and offers constructivecriticism of the current limits of the research and important agendas for future investigation. Thus, this Handbook offers the most comprehensive and thoughtful analyses of hypo-egoicism to date.
The study of emotion tends to breach traditional academic boundaries and binary lingustics. It requires multi-modal perspectives and the suspension of dualistic conventions to appreciate its complexity. This book analyses historical, philosophical, psychological, biological, sociological, post-structural, and technological perspectives of emotion that it argues are important for a viable social psychology of emotion. It begins with early ancient philosophical conceptualisations of pathos and ends with analytical discussions of the transmission of affect which permeate the digital revolution. It is essential reading for upper level students and researchers of emotion in psychology, sociology, psychosocial studies and across the social sciences.
Author: Mark R. Leary
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Interpersonal rejection ranks among the most potent and distressing events that people experience. Romantic rejection, ostracism, stigmatization, job termination, and other kinds of rejections have the power to compromise the quality of people's lives. As a result, people are highly motivated to avoid social rejection, and, indeed, much of human behavior appears to be designed to avoid such experiences. Yet, despite the widespread effects of real, anticipated, and even imagined rejections, psychologists have devoted only passing attention to the topic, and the research on rejection has been scattered throughout a number of psychological subspecialties (e.g., social, clinical, developmental, personality). In the past few years, however, we have seen a surge of interest in the effects of interpersonal rejection on behavior and emotion. The goal of this book is to pull together the contributions of several scholars whose work is on the cutting edge of rejection research, providing a scholarly yet readable overview of recent advances in the area. In doing so, it not only provides a look at the current state of the area but also helps to establish the topic of rejection as an identifiable area for future research. Topics covered in the book include: ostracism, unrequited love, betrayal, stigmatization, rejection sensitivity, rejection and self-esteem, peer rejection in childhood, emotional responses to rejection, and personality moderators of reactions to rejection.
Using a Derridean deconstruction approach, this book examines the course by which the history of modernity and colonialism has constructed an idea of Ireland, produced more often as a citation than an actuality.
Written from an eclectic, integrative point of view, this authoritative yet accessible text equips students and practitioners with theoretical and empirical knowledge of different psychotherapy and counseling approaches. Todd and Bohart, who together have a total of sixty years of experience teaching clinical psychology courses, offer a clear, understandable view of how each theoretical perspective regards the person, the persons problems, and how to help the person change. The fourth edition retains the psychotherapy and history components from previous editions and addresses current and future trends in professional psychology. New or updated topics include: assessment; professional, legal, and ethical issues; brief therapy; computerized treatment programs; Internet testing; online therapy; treatment guidelines and manuals and the controversies associated with them; radical behavior therapies; cultural and gender issues; expanding roles for psychologists in neuropsychology and primary health care; managed care; and developments in psychotherapy research and psychotherapy integration. Careful cross-referencing and clear connections between topics permit chapters to be read in any order. The authors maintain a Web site (http://homepage.mac.com/judithtodd/artboharttext/) with the very latest updates on psychotherapy theory integration, activities, downloadable chapter learning objectives, links to useful articles, and more.
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For courses in Experimental Methods and in Research Methods in Political Science and Sociology A rigorous, yet readable approach to contemporary research Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods incorporates the four basic approaches to behavioral research — descriptive, correlational, experimental, and quasi-experimental research — and shows students how to conceptualize questions, measure variables, design studies, and analyze data. Mark Leary offers explanation and examples to not only add interest, but also make the material more understandable. In the Seventh Edition, you’ll continue to find boxes on “Developing Your Research Skills” and “Behavioral Research Case Studies,” now joined by “Ethical Issues in Analyzing Data and Reporting Results” sections, to provide practical examples and pique curiosity. Chapters on research ethics and scientific writing (including the most recent version of APA style) round out the text.
Escaping the self
Author: Roy F. Baumeister
Publisher: Basic Books
Based on the latest research in the field of social psychology, the author investigates the avenues of escape, from alcoholism to meditation, Americans are taking to cope with the pressures of modern life
Author: Dana Berkowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery estimates there are about two-and-a-half million Botox procedures performed annually, and that number continues to increase. The procedure is used as a preventive measure against aging and a means by which bodies, particularly women’s, can be transformed and “improved” through the appearance of youth. But why is Botox so popular, and why is aging such a terrifying concept? Botox Nation draws from engaging, in-depth interviews with Botox users and providers as well as Dana Berkowitz’s own experiences receiving the injections. The interviews reveal the personal motivations for using Botox and help unpack how anti-aging practices are conceived by, and resonate with, everyday people. Berkowitz is particularly interested in how Botox is now being targeted to younger women; since Botox is a procedure that must be continually administered to work, the strategic choice to market to younger women, Berkowitz argues, aims to create lifetime consumers. Berkowitz also analyzes magazine articles, advertisements, and even medical documents to consider how narratives of aging are depicted. She employs a critical feminist lens to consider the construction of feminine bodies and selves, and explores the impact of cosmetic medical interventions aimed at maintaining the desired appearance of youth, the culture of preventative medicine, the application of medical procedures to seemingly healthy bodies, and the growth and technological advancement to the anti-aging industry. The first in-depth social investigation into the development of Botox as a phenomenon, Botox Nation is a captivating and critical story of how norms about bodies, gender, and aging are constructed and reproduced on both cultural and individual levels.
Man and His Symbols
Author: C. G. Jung
Man and His Symbols owes its existence to one of Jung's own dreams. The great psychologist dreamed that his work was understood by a wide public, rather than just by psychiatrists, and therefore he agreed to write and edit this fascinating book. Here, Jung examines the full world of the unconscious, whose language he believed to be the symbols constantly revealed in dreams. Convinced that dreams offer practical advice, sent from the unconscious to the conscious self, Jung felt that self-understanding would lead to a full and productive life. Thus, the reader will gain new insights into himself from this thoughtful volume, which also illustrates symbols throughout history. Completed just before his death by Jung and his associates, it is clearly addressed to the general reader. Praise for Man and His Symbols “This book, which was the last piece of work undertaken by Jung before his death in 1961, provides a unique opportunity to assess his contribution to the life and thought of our time, for it was also his firsat attempt to present his life-work in psychology to a non-technical public. . . . What emerges with great clarity from the book is that Jung has done immense service both to psychology as a science and to our general understanding of man in society, by insisting that imaginative life must be taken seriously in its own right, as the most distinctive characteristic of human beings.”—Guardian “Straighforward to read and rich in suggestion.”—John Barkham, Saturday Review Syndicate “This book will be a resounding success for those who read it.”—Galveston News-Tribune “A magnificent achievement.”—Main Currents “Factual and revealing.”—Atlanta Times