This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.
Author: Colette Chambelland
Publisher: Editions de l'Atelier
Pierre Monatte (1881-1960) occupe une place à part dans le mouvement ouvrier français. Ce fils d'un maréchal-ferrant de la Haute-Loire, pion, employé de librairie, correcteur de presse n'a volontairement occupé aucune fonction dirigeante. Sa trace reste pourtant profonde et il constitue une référence pour ceux qui ont lutté et luttent encore pour un syndicalisme émancipateur et libre. Autour de lui se sont regroupés les syndicalistes révolutionnaires quand il crée en 1909 la revue syndicaliste, La Vie ouvrière. Puis il réunit les tenants de l'internationalisme pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, les syndicalistes communistes en 1919. Enfin, dès 1924, il refuse le stalinisme comme le réformisme et fonde avec ses amis Alfred Rosmer, Robert Louzon, Maurice Chambelland, Ferdinand Charbi, La Révolution prolétarienne. Cette biographie éclaire tout un pan de l'histoire du mouvement ouvrier. Mais révèle aussi l'histoire d'un homme. Ce portrait nous permet, en effet, d'échapper à la vision stéréotypée que l'on a le plus souvent du militant ouvrier. Grâce à la richesse des sources réunies par Colette Chambelland, on peut retracer, à côté de l'itinéraire militant, l'itinéraire intellectuel d'un homme de grande culture.
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This text considers the nature of French history and the awareness of its influence, surveying the ways that various political communities in France during the past two centuries have used different versions of the past in order to define their identities and legitimize their goals.
La lutte syndicale
Author: Pierre Monatte
Certains militants ouvriers ont, volontairement, refusé d'occuper des fonctions dirigeantes ; ils ont lutté contre les dogmatismes, les totalitarismes et le jeu facile des réformismes ; ils n'ont pas voulu suivre les masses dans ce qu'ils considéraient comme les plus graves des déviations (l'union sacrée devant la guerre, le stalinisme). Pour cela, ils ont été violemment rejetés, présentés comme des vaincus de l'histoire, accrochés à des conceptions périmées ; ils ont été oubliés. Pierre Monatte (1881-1960) est de ceux-là. Pourtant, sa trace est profonde, son œuvre féconde. Fondateur de deux revues d'action, de lutte, et aussi d'éducation (La Vie ouvrière en 1909, La Révolution prolétarienne en 1925), militant ardent et hardi, il consacra sa vie au syndicalisme révolutionnaire. Il a beaucoup écrit, mais ses articles sont accessibles aux seuls lecteurs des bibliothèques. Les rassembler, c'est d'abord permettre de découvrir un homme, un militant au sens plein du terme, un minoritaire qui sut être à contre-courant, sans aigreur comme sans orgueil, qui eut toujours foi dans la capacité révolutionnaire de la classe ouvrière, pensant que celle-ci devait retrouver intelligence et caractère, s'éduquer inlassablement dans l'action, remettre en cause les dogmes les mieux établis. À travers ces textes, le syndicalisme révolutionnaire se précise, son évolution pendant cinquante ans se dessine. Documents pour l'histoire, ce sont aussi des documents pour l'action, aide précieuse pour ceux qui veulent mener la lutte syndicale, avec les seules forces ouvrières, pour une révolution qui soit aussi libération.
During the first two decades of the twentieth century, amidst an extraordinary international upsurge in strike action, the ideas of revolutionary syndicalism developed into a major influence within the world wide trade union movement. Committed to destroying capitalism through direct industrial action and revolutionary trade union struggle, the movement raised fundamental questions about the need for new and democratic forms of power through which workers could collectively manage industry and society. This study provides an all-embracing comparative analysis of the dynamics and trajectory of the syndicalist movement in six specific countries: France, Spain, Italy, America, Britain and Ireland. This is achieved through an examination of the philosophy of syndicalism and the varied forms that syndicalist organisations assumed; the distinctive economic, social and political context in which they emerged; the extent to which syndicalism influenced wider politics; and the reasons for its subsequent demise. The volume also provides the first ever systematic examination of the relationship between syndicalism and communism, focusing on the ideological and political conversion to communism undertaken by some of the syndicalist movement's leading figures and the degree of synthesis between the two traditions within the new communist parties that emerged in the early 1920s.
This second of a three-volume set documenting Emma Goldman's life and work in the United States covers the years from 1902 through the end of 1909, from the 1901 assassination of President McKinley by a Polish-American anarchist through Goldman's participation in a wider political sphere that began with her launch of the anarchist magazine Mother Earth.
Analyzes the anarchists' responses to the Russian and Spanish revolutions, bolshevism, fascism, and war.
Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.
France and Women, 1789-1914
Author: James McMillan, Professor James F Mcmillan
France and Women, 1789-1914 is the first book to offer an authoritative account of women's history throughout the nineteenth century. James McMillan, author of the seminal work Housewife or Harlot, offers a major reinterpretation of the French past in relation to gender throughout these tumultuous decades of revolution and war. This book provides a challenging discussion of the factors which made French political culture so profoundly sexist and in particular, it shows that many of the myths about progress and emancipation associated with modernisation and the coming of mass politics do not stand up to close scrutiny. It also reveals the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained belief throughout french society that women should remain within the domestic sphere. James McMillan considers the role played by French men and women in the politics, culture and society of their country throughout the 1800s.
The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.
Why has the European Left become so antagonistic towards Israel? To answer this question, Colin Shindler looks at the struggle between Marxism-Leninism and Zionism from the October Revolution to today. Is such antagonism in opposition to the policies of successive Israeli governments? Or, is it due to a resurgence of anti-Semitism? The answer is far more complex. Shindler argues that the new generation of the European Left was more influenced by the decolonization movement than by wartime experiences, which led it to favor the Palestinian cause in the post 1967 period. Thus the Israeli drive to settle the West Bank after the Six Day war enhanced an already existing attitude, but did not cause it. Written by a respected scholar, this accessible and balanced work provides a novel account and analytical approach to this important subject. Israel and the European Left will interest students in international politics, Middle Eastern studies, as well as anyone who seeks to understand issues related to today's Left and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Author: Dmitriĭ Antonovich Volkogonov, Harold Shukman
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
A profile of the former Soviet leader criticizes his military leadership and reveals the impact of his personal inconsistencies on the revolutionary movement