Dans les entreprises, la santé au travail est devenue un sujet de débat, d’inquiétude pour les salariés, de responsabilité pour les employeurs. C’est au sein des CHSCT que cette question est prise en charge. Ils sont pourtant une des instances de représentation des salarié(e)s les plus méconnues dont le cadre légal est fixé par de nombreux textes législatifs. C’est l’objet de ce livre de faire une présentation des CHSCT et de leurs actions. Combien d’accidents sont évités là où ils imposent le respect des normes de sécurité ! Sans oublier les efforts innombrables pour faire reconnaître les " maladies professionnelles" et faire interdire les produits nocifs. Toutefois, le bon fonctionnement des CHSCT ne saurait suffire pour imposer le respect de la santé au travail. Le parti pris des auteurs est d’aborder cette question à partir de leur expérience de syndicalistes au sein des CHSCT. L’ouvrage s’appuie sur des expériences concrètes vécues et analysées, dans l’entreprise ou au niveau du territoire, parfois de l’Europe, qui transgressent le fonctionnement institutionnel. L’aptitude syndicale à organiser le rapport de forces devient déterminante pour leur efficacité. Comment la pénibilité peut être prise en compte pour la retraite ? Comment lier la santé au travail à la lutte pour l’écologie ? Comment prendre en compte la santé des femmes pas seulement sous l’angle des capacités de reproduction ? Comment répondre à l’éclatement du travail par la soustraitance ? Ce sont toutes ces pistes que ce livre explore.
Since the first edition of this book was published, the subject of sustainability has risen to the forefront of thinking in almost every subject within business and management. Tackling the latest developments and integrating practical perspectives with rigorous research, this new edition sheds light on a vital aspect of working life. Current trends reveal that increasing intensity at work has major consequences at individual, organizational and societal levels. Sustainability in work systems thus requires a multi-stakeholder approach, emphasising a value-based choice to promote the concurrent development of various resources in the work system. This sustainability grows from intertwined individual and collective learning processes taking place within and between organizations in collaboration. In exploring the development of sustainable work systems, this book analyzes these problems, and provides the basis for designing and implementing 'sustainable work systems' based on the idea of regeneration and the development of human and social resources. The authors, who are leading researchers and practitioners from around the world, consider the existing possibilities and emerging solutions and explore alternatives to intensive work systems.
The book makes a major new contribution to the sociology of employment by comparing the quality of working life in European societies with very different institutional systems--France, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, and Sweden. It focuses in particular on skills and skill development, opportunities for training, the scope for initiative in work, the difficulty of combining work and family life, and the security of employment. Drawing on a range of nationally representative surveys, it reveals striking differences in the quality of work in different European countries. It also provides for the first time rigorous comparative evidence on the experiences of different types of employee and an assessment of whether there has been a trend over time to greater polarization between a core workforce of relatively privileged employees and a peripheral workforce suffering from cumulative disadvantage. It explores the relevance of three influential theoretical perspectives, focussing respectively on the common dynamics of capitalist societies, differences in production regimes between capitalist societies, and differences in the institutional systems of employment regulation. It argues that it is the third of these--an 'employment regime' perspective--that provides the most convincing account of the factors that affect the quality of work in capitalist societies. The findings underline the importance of differences in national policies for people's experiences of work and point to the need for a renewal at European level of initiatives for improving the quality of work.
Author: Francis Green
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Since the early 1980s, a vast number of jobs have been created in the affluent economies of the industrialized world. Many workers are doing more skilled and fulfilling jobs, and getting paid more for their trouble. Yet it is often alleged that the quality of work life has deteriorated, with a substantial and rising proportion of jobs providing low wages and little security, or requiring unusually hard and stressful effort. In this unique and authoritative formal account of changing job quality, economist Francis Green highlights contrasting trends, using quantitative indicators drawn from public opinion surveys and administrative data. In most affluent countries average pay levels have risen along with economic growth, a major exception being the United States. Skill requirements have increased, potentially meaning a more fulfilling time at work. Set against these beneficial trends, however, are increases in inequality, a strong intensification of work effort, diminished job satisfaction, and less employee influence over daily work tasks. Using an interdisciplinary approach, Demanding Work shows how aspects of job quality are related, and how changes in the quality of work life stem from technological change and transformations in the politico-economic environment. The book concludes by discussing what individuals, firms, unions, and governments can do to counter declining job quality.
This book discusses the institutional aspects of the American labor market. The introduction assesses the major changes since 1971.
Based on findings of the recently published Joseph Rowntree Report, this book provides an up-to-the-minute review of current research on flexibility, job insecurity and work intensification. It examines the impact of these developments on individuals, their families, the workplace and the long-term health of the British economy, as well as an analysis of the impact across a wide range of OECD countries including the United States, France, Germany, Sweden and Japan. Key questions addressed include: * How are jobs more insecure? * Does just-in-time labour mean more flexible contracts or more flexible workers? * Does job insecurity entail a 'new flexible morality'? * How does workplace stress affect individual health and family relationships? Timely and thought-provoking, it is essential reading for all those involved in the fields of employment relations, HRM and the sociology of work.
The Body Economic
Author: David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu
Publisher: Basic Books
Politicians have talked endlessly about the seismic economic and social impacts of the recent financial crisis, but many continue to ignore its disastrous effects on human health—and have even exacerbated them, by adopting harsh austerity measures and cutting key social programs at a time when constituents need them most. The result, as pioneering public health experts David Stuckler and Sanjay Basu reveal in this provocative book, is that many countries have turned their recessions into veritable epidemics, ruining or extinguishing thousands of lives in a misguided attempt to balance budgets and shore up financial markets. Yet sound alternative policies could instead help improve economies and protect public health at the same time. In The Body Economic, Stuckler and Basu mine data from around the globe and throughout history to show how government policy becomes a matter of life and death during financial crises. In a series of historical case studies stretching from 1930s America, to Russia and Indonesia in the 1990s, to present-day Greece, Britain, Spain, and the U.S., Stuckler and Basu reveal that governmental mismanagement of financial strife has resulted in a grim array of human tragedies, from suicides to HIV infections. Yet people can and do stay healthy, and even get healthier, during downturns. During the Great Depression, U.S. deaths actually plummeted, and today Iceland, Norway, and Japan are happier and healthier than ever, proof that public wellbeing need not be sacrificed for fiscal health. Full of shocking and counterintuitive revelations and bold policy recommendations, The Body Economic offers an alternative to austerity—one that will prevent widespread suffering, both now and in the future.
The Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC is the standard scientific reference on climate change for students, researchers and policy makers.
Author: David D. Woods
Publisher: CRC Press
For Resilience Engineering, 'failure' is the result of the adaptations necessary to cope with the complexity of the real world, rather than a breakdown or malfunction. The performance of individuals and organizations must continually adjust to current conditions and, because resources and time are finite, such adjustments are always approximate. This definitive new book explores this groundbreaking new development in safety and risk management, where 'success' is based on the ability of organizations, groups and individuals to anticipate the changing shape of risk before failures and harm occur. Featuring contributions from many of the worlds leading figures in the fields of human factors and safety, Resilience Engineering provides thought-provoking insights into system safety as an aggregate of its various components, subsystems, software, organizations, human behaviours, and the way in which they interact. The book provides an introduction to Resilience Engineering of systems, covering both the theoretical and practical aspects. It is written for those responsible for system safety on managerial or operational levels alike, including safety managers and engineers (line and maintenance), security experts, risk and safety consultants, human factors professionals and accident investigators.
As the need for attentive health care becomes more important than ever, on-the-job risks to physicians, nurses, and related professionals have continued to relentlessly increase. Ever-changing technology, new and unforeseen hazards, the dramatic shift to managed care, and a lack of skilled workers have only heightened the difficulties of maintaining safe environments for caregivers and patients alike. For guidance on health care worker protection, safety specialists have found definitive advice and guidance in William Charney's Essentials of Modern Hospital Safety, Volumes I to III -introduced by Lewis Publishers during the early 1990s. Charney now offers all the important details of that three-volume series, combined with an additional volume's worth of information, in a convenient, single-volume Handbook of Modern Hospital Safety. It's a tragic irony: the industry dedicated to healing and recovery has now become the second highest compensable injury sector-even more hazardous than manufacturing. Make sure your health care professionals have the skills, tools and awareness to protect themselves-and, in turn, their patients-with the Handbook of Modern Hospital Safety.
China’s leaders aspire to the prosperity, political legitimacy, and stability that flowed from America’s New Deal, but they are irrevocably opposed to the independent trade unions and mass mobilization that brought it about. Cynthia Estlund’s crisp comparative analysis makes China’s labor unrest and reform legible to Western readers.