Authors Daved van Stralen, MD, FAAP; Spencer L. Byrum; and Bahadir Inozu, PhD, are experts in the art and science of High Reliability Organizing (HRO). They have, in their diverse and successful careers, applied the fundamentals of the HRO system to aviation, healthcare, public safety, manufacturing, and a multitude of other industries. Among these industries, HRO's applications in healthcare have been garnering the most attention recently. In this new guide to the principles of HRO, the authors explore its uses in healthcare and list the many ways industry leadership can benefit from its implementation. In addition to HRO's many benefits, this new guide also explores the five HRO principles, HRO in healthcare environments, the problems HRO solves, Boyd's OODA loop, decision making in healthcare, threat responses, leadership models, organization culture, and many other important fundamentals. HRO is an effective way an organization can respond to crisis, chaos, and adversity. It gives leadership, management, and all levels of the organization a way of processing challenges and overcoming them as a single unit. With the help of these industry experts, discover how HRO helps you learn and grow as team member, manager, and leader.
Designed to serve as a guidebook that provides a comprehensive overview of the essential aspects of neuropsychological assessment practice. Also intended as a comprehensive sourcebook of critical reviews of major neuropsychological assessment tools for the use by practicing clinicians and researchers. Written in a comprehensive, easy-to-read reference format, and based on exhaustive review of research literature in neuropsychology, neurology, psychology, and related disciplines, the book covers topics such as basic aspects of neuropsychological assessment as well as the theoretical background, norms, and the utility, reliability, and validity of neuropsychological tests.
For more than 20 years, Network World has been the premier provider of information, intelligence and insight for network and IT executives responsible for the digital nervous systems of large organizations. Readers are responsible for designing, implementing and managing the voice, data and video systems their companies use to support everything from business critical applications to employee collaboration and electronic commerce.
Author: Martin A. Lee
Publisher: Lyle Stuart
"Committed, eloquent writings that plumb teh psychological and political complexities of mass-mediated experience." --San Francisco Chronicle "An essential text." --Utne Reader "More than helping to detect bias, "Unreliable Sources" tells the stories behind the stories called news. It should help build a national constituency for liberating media from all major constraints-- corporate as well as governmental." --George Gerbner, Dean Emeritus and Professor of Communications, The Annenberg School for Communications "You gotta love these guys. Not only have Lee and Solomon written a timely consumer primer on conservative bias in reporting, they've done it with humor." --Washington Journalism Review A vital handbook for deciphering widespread media bias. "Unreliable Sources" dissects news coverage of a wide range of issues-- taxes, the Persian Gulf, social security, abortion, drugs, environmental pollution, U.S.-Soviet relations, terrorism, the Third World-- and exposes the key stories that have been censored or glossed over by major media.
This book starts with the basic premise that a service is comprised of the 3Ps—products, processes, and people. Moreover, these entities and their sub-entities interlink to support the services that end users require to run and support a business. This widens the scope of any availability design far beyond hardware and software. It also increases the potential for service failure for reasons beyond just hardware and software; the concept of logical outages. High Availability IT Services details the considerations for designing and running highly available "services" and not just the systems infrastructure that supports those services. Providing an overview of virtualization and cloud computing, it supplies a detailed look at availability, redundancy, fault tolerance, and security. It also stresses the importance of human factors. The book starts off by providing an availability primer and detailing the reasons why you need to be concerned with high availability. Next, it outlines the theory of reliability and availability and the elements of actual practices in this high availability (HA) area, including Service Level Agreements (SLAs) and Change Management. Examining what the major hardware and software vendors have to offer in the HA world, the book considers the ubiquitous world of clouds and virtualization as well as the availability considerations they present. The book examines high availability concepts and architectures such as reliability, availability, and serviceability (RAS); clusters; grids; and redundant arrays of independent disks (RAID) storage. It also covers the role of security in providing high availability, cluster offerings, emergent Linux clusters, online transaction processing (OLTP), and relational databases.
Statistics in a Nutshell
Author: Sarah Boslaugh
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
A clear and concise introduction and reference for anyone new to the subject of statistics.
Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety -- more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world -- based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.
Preserving Scientific Data on Our Physical Universe
Author: Steering Committee for the Study on the Long-Term Retention of Selected Scientific and Technical Records of the Federal Government, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
This book advises the National Archives and Records Administration and federal R&D agencies on the long-term retention of scientific and technical data, particularly in electronic formats. It proposes the creation of a National Scientific Information Resource Federation, which would apply a strategic data life-cycle management plan to better link the government's existing scientific data holdings and improve public access to those holdings. The book is expected to draw attention to data management concerns in the context of the current government emphasis on promoting a National Information Infrastructure and to make a significant contribution to improving the inadequate situation regarding our nation's valuable scientific data and information resources.
We live in an information-saturated environment and spend far too much time searching, surfing, skimming, contributing, and organizing the information in our lives. We spend too little time immersing ourselves in reliable high quality information. We are often so buried in information and strapped for time that we grab information like it was fast food, without bothering to evaluate its quality. Finding Reliable Information Online: Adventures of an Information Sleuth uses stories or “information adventures” to illustrate the best approaches to searching for information and to help us develop our aptitude for locating high quality resources in a rapidly changing digital environment that is becoming proficient at monopolizing our attention with useless or unreliable information. This book is about taking charge of the search process and not handing over the reins to search engines like Google, Bing, or Yahoo to dictate what information we consume. Each chapter focuses on a quest for different types of information while digging deeper into the complexities of finding credible places to look for information and ways to think about evaluating it. As the Internet evolves and becomes more sophisticated, our strategies for finding and evaluating information need to evolve as well. The stories in this book range from investigating challenging research questions to exploring health issues and everyday life questions like finding a reliable restaurant or product review. These chapters go beyond the simple and more mechanical checklist approach to evaluating information, though these factors are also discussed.
The Cost of Being Landlocked
Author: Jean-Fran ois Arvis, Ga l Raballand, Jean-Fran ois Marteau
Publisher: World Bank Publications
'The Cost of Being Landlocked' proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains on international trade corridors. The plight of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) has naturally received special attention for decades, leading to a specific set of development priorities based upon the concept of dependence on the transit state. Therefore, the standard approach used to tackle the cost of being landlocked has been predominantly aimed at developing regional transport infrastructure and ensuring freedom of transit through regional conventions. But without sufficient attention given to the performance of logistics service delivery to traders, the standard approach is unable to address key bottleneck concerns and the factors that contribute to the cost of being landlocked. Consequently, the impact of massive investment on trade corridors could not materialize to its full extent. Based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, this book argues that although landlocked developing countries do face high logistics costs, these costs are not a result of poor road infrastructure, since transport prices largely depend on trucking market structure and implementation of transit processes. This book suggests that high logistics costs in LLDCs are a result of low logistics reliability and predictability, which stem from rent-seeking and governance issues. 'The Cost of Being Landlocked' will serve as a useful guide for policy makers, supervisory authorities, and development agencies.
The three papers in this volume were written in the wake of a single policy decision at the Library of Congress: the decision to cease the practice of distinguishing and collating series through the use of distinctive headings maintained in an authority file. These papers examine library policies and organizational structures in light of the literature of ergonomics, high reliability organizations, joint cognitive systems and integrational linguistics. Bade argues that many policies and structures have been designed and implemented on the basis of assumptions about technical possibilities, ignoring entirely the political dimensions of local determination of goals and purposes as well as the lessons from ergonomics, such as the recognition that people are the primary agents of reliability in all technical systems. Looking at various policies for metadata creation and the results of those policies forces the question: is there a responsible human being behind the library web site and catalog, or have we abandoned the responsibilities of thinking and judgment in favor of procedures, algorithms and machines?
Advances in Pattern Recognition
Author: Francesc J. Ferri, Jose M. Inesta, Adnan Amin, Pavel Pudil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Structural and Syntactic Pattern Recognition and the 3rd International Workshop on Statistical Techniques in Pattern Recognition, SSPR 2000 and SPR 2000, held in Alicante, Spain in August/September 2000. The 52 revised full papers presented together with five invited papers and 35 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 130 submissions. The book offers topical sections on hybrid and combined methods, document image analysis, grammar and language methods, structural matching, graph-based methods, shape analysis, clustering and density estimation, object recognition, general methodology, and feature extraction and selection.
In this Second Edition of the bestselling Making Sense of the Social World: Methods of Investigation, authors Daniel F. Chambliss and Russell K. Schutt once again provide students with an engaging, innovative, and accurate introduction to social research. More than a brief derivative of Schutt’s widely successful Investigating the Social World, this version is written in a less formal, occasionally humorous style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods.