The Changing Concept of ‘Family’ and Challenges for Domestic Family Law explores the changing concept of ‘family’, with the current social, political, medical and scientific challenges for domestic family law discussed in over 20 European jurisdictions. National reports describe the current law and legal development for ‘horizontal’ (the law of relationships between adults such as marriage, divorce, cohabitation, same-sex relationships), ‘vertical’ (the law governing the relationships between adults and children, such as parentage including artificial reproductive techniques and surrogacy, parental responsibility and adoption) and ‘individual’ (the law of names and recognition of gender identity) family law. They show that, while considerable legal and societal diversity still exists within Europe, family law, in many areas, is developing along similar lines, with a convergence towards a European family law. This book, and the others in the set, will serve as an invaluable resource for anyone interested in family law. It will be of particular use to students and scholars of comparative and international family law, as well as family law practitioners.
Successions et libéralités
Author: Sylvie Ferré-André, Stéphane Berre
Le droit des successions et des libéralités est un droit en perpétuelle évolution. S'intéressant à la question de la transmission à titre gratuit du patrimoine, entre vifs ou à cause de mort, il est au carrefour de plusieurs disciplines juridiques (droit des personnes et de la famille, droit des obligations et des biens), en prise directe avec les évolutions sociétales et les grands débats de société. C'est ainsi un droit profondément rénové par les lois du 3 décembre 2001 et 23 juin 2006 qui est présenté au lecteur, étudiant ou praticien, intégrant les débats et interrogations liées aux nouveautés issues de ces deux textes et resituant la matière dans son contexte international, historique et sociologique. Conformément à l'esprit de la collection des Hypercours, cet ouvrage s'accompagne d'outils pédagogiques nombreux et variés : schémas de dévolution successorale, tableaux de synthèse, méthodologie des liquidations successorales, etc. L'ouvrage consacre également d'importants développements à la fiscalité des libéralités et des successions. Illustrés de nombreux exemples chiffrés, ces derniers permettent de comprendre les enjeux de l'anticipation successorale, et l'articulation indispensable entre la liquidation civile de la succession et celle des droits de succession.
Droit des successions
Author: Anne-Marie Leroyer
Le droit des successions a été réformé de manière importante par les lois du 3 décembre 2001 et du '23 juin 2006. D'une ancienne institution destinée à assurer la survie et la solidarité de la famille, la succession est devenue instrument au service d'une meilleure exploitation économique des biens transmis. Les lois ont fait reculer l'ordre public successoral pour favoriser la liberté économique du propriétaire. La dimension économique de la succession n'a toutefois pas encore totalement occulté sa dimension familiale, qui perdure avec la réserve des enfants, certains droits de retour, ou la protection du conjoint survivant. Le droit des successions offre ainsi un double visage, attestant de son ambivalence et à l'origine de nombre de ses ambiguïtés. Ce cours aborde chronologiquement les règles de dévolution, de gestion, de liquidation et de partage 'd'une succession. Il traite également des libéralités les plus importantes ' testament, donation ' dans le cadre de la dévolution volontaire. Cette troisième édition actualisée est agrémentée 'de nouveaux exemples et propose un certain nombre de solutions aux questions liquidatives les plus fréquentes. Cet ouvrage s'adresse plus spécialement aux étudiants de Master 1 et permet aussi aux praticiens une rapide mise à jour. Anne-Marie Leroyer est professeur à l'École de droit de la Sorbonne (Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Il n'est pas simple d'exposer aussi complètement que clairement une matière qui touche au droit de la famille pour ce qui est de la vocation successorale et au droit des biens pour ce qui concerne les opérations de liquidation de la succession. Lorsqu'une personne décède, son patrimoine n'est pas détruit mais se transmet. Mais si le législateur désigne les personnes qui sont, en principe, appelées à recueillir la succession, cette dévolution légale ne s'impose pas au défunt. Il peut, de son vivant, instituer un ou plusieurs légataires par testament ou se défaire de certains de ses biens par des donations dans la limite de la réserve héréditaire. Enfin le règlement de la succession suppose le partage des biens entre les héritiers et éventuellement le règlement du passif du défunt. Autant de questions qui relèvent du règlement successoral
This book offers a unique and insightful econometric evaluation of the policies used to fight transnational terrorism between 1990 and 2014 using a sample of 124 countries. It proves that foreign aid plays a crucial role by inducing recipient governments to protect the donors’ political and economic interests within their sphere of influence. In contrast, US troops on the ground are counter-productive as they increase the supply of terrorist attacks from the host countries, even though this effect has been significantly reduced by the Obama administration.
Private law reform
Author: Petr Lavický, 1977-, Jan Hurdík
Marc A. Rodwin draws on his own experience as a health lawyer--and his research in health ethics, law, and policy--to reveal how financial conflicts of interest can and do negatively affect the quality of patient care. He shows that the problem has become worse over the last century and provides many actual examples of how doctors' decisions are influenced by financial considerations. We learn how two California physicians, for example, resumed referrals to Pasadena General Hospital only after the hospital started paying $70 per patient (their referrals grew from 14 in one month to 82 in the next). As Rodwin writes, incentives such as this can inhibit a doctor from taking action when a hospital fails to provide proper service, and may also lead to the unnecessary hospitalization of patients. We also learn of a Wyeth-Ayerst Labs promotion in which physicians who started patients on INDERAL (a drug for high blood pressure, angina, and migraines) received 1000 mileage points on American Airlines for each patient (studies show that promotions such as this have a direct effect on a doctor's choice of drug). Rodwin reveals why the medical community has failed to regulate conflicts of interest: peer review has little authority, state licensing boards are usually ignorant of abuses, and the AMA code of ethics has historically been recommended rather than required. He examines what can be learned from the way society has coped with the conflicts of interest of other professionals --lawyers, government officials, and businessmen--all of which are held to higher standards of accountability than doctors. And he recommends that efforts be made to prohibit and regulate certain kinds of activity (such as kickbacks and self-referrals), to monitor and regulate conduct, and to provide penalties for improper conduct. Our failure to face physicians' conflicts of interest has distorted the way medicine is practiced, compromised the loyalty of doctors to patients, and harmed society, the integrity of the medical profession, and patients. For those concerned with the quality of health care or medical ethics, Medicine, Money and Morals is a provocative look into the current health care crisis and a powerful prescription for change.
For firms and other organizations, innovation has become a means of anticipating and managing major changes in their external context and overcoming societal challenges such as sustainable development. As a result, they must innovate repeatedly and continuously. This book explores the multiple facets of innovation project management, defined as the set of activities implemented to bring into being and successfully complete one or several innovation projects. It combines research experience, in cooperation with practitioners, and a theoretical, transversal and global overview inspired from different research streams. The author develops methodologies and frameworks that might be put into practice, provides a case study of research conducted with an air systems manufacturing firm, and outlines avenues for further reflection on innovation project management practice improvement.
Author: Jean-François Bonnefon
This book argues that the science of reasoning will prove most useful if focused on studying what human reasoning does best - understanding people. Bonnefon argues that humanity's unique reasoning abilities developed in order to handle the complexities of cooperative social life. Accordingly, human beings became exquisite students of the minds of other people to predict the kind of decisions they make, and assess their character. In particular, this volume explores the inferences humans make about the moral character of others, how they delude themselves about their own moral character, and the ways in which they can see through the delusions of others. In conclusion, the book considers how to leverage the power of human reasoning in order to sustain democratic life. This work will interest scholars and students working in fields including theory of mind, decision-making, moral cognition, critical thinking, experimental philosophy, and behavioural economics, as well as policy makers interested in how reasoning impacts our political understanding.
Comparativism is no longer a purely academic exercise but has increasingly become an urgent necessity for industrial relations and legal practitioners due to the growth of multinational enterprises and the impact of international and regional organizations aspiring to harmonize rules. The growing need for comprehensive, up-to-date and readily available information on labour law and industrial relations in different countries led to the publication of the International Encyclopaedia for Labour Law and Industrial Relations, in which more than 70 international and national monographs have thus far been published. This book, Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Industrialized Market Economies, goes a step further than the Encyclopaedia in as much as most of the chapters provide comparative and integrated thematic treatment. The aim is to describe the salient characteristics and trends in labour law and industrial relations in the contemporary world. This book is obviously not exhaustive, with respect to the coverage of countries and topics. The authors limit themselves mainly to the industrialized market economies. The book is divided in three main parts: an introduction relating to methodology and documentation, including the use of Internet. The second part concerns international actors, like the International Employer's Organisations and the International Trade Union Movement, as well as Human Resources Management. The third concerns the sources of regulation, concentrating on International and European Labour Law, as well as on Codes of Conduct for Multinational Enterprises and describes also the rules in case of conflict of laws. The last part deals with international developments and comparative studies in not less than 15 chapters. The ninth edition, will like the previous editions,serve as a textbook and reference work to facilitate the task of teachers and students of comparative labour law and industrial relations. It will also provide labour lawyers with the necessary insights to cope with a world which is increasingly international.
Courts and Comparative Law
Author: Mads Andenas, Duncan Fairgrieve
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
While the role of comparative law in the courts was previously only an exception, foreign sources are now increasingly becoming a source of law in regular use in supreme and constitutional courts. There is considerable variation between the practices of courts and the role of comparative law, and methods remain controversial. In the US, the issue has been one of intense public debate and it is still one of the major dividing issues in the discussion about the role of the courts. Contributing to the existing discussion of the use of comparative law in the courts, this book provides an inclusive, coherent, and practical analysis of the relevant law and jurisprudence in comparative law in the courts. It examines the consequences for court procedures and the form of judgments, as well as how foreign sources are drawn upon in private international law, European law, administrative law, and constitutional law as well as before general courts. The book also includes case studies of comparative law used in particular spheres of the law, such as tort law and consumer law. Written by practising judges and lawyers as well as leading academics, this book serves as a central reference point concerning the role of comparative law before the courts.
Author: Jean-Francois Bonnefon, Bastien Trémolière
Publisher: Psychology Press
Moral Inferences is the first volume to thoroughly explore the relationship between morality and reasoning. Drawing on the expertise of world-leading researchers, this text provides ground-breaking insight into the importance of studying these distinct fields together. The volume integrates the latest research into morality with current theories in reasoning to consider the prominent role reasoning plays in everyday moral judgements. Featuring contributions on topics such as moral arguments, causal models, and dual process theory, this text provides a new perspectives on previous studies, encouraging researchers to adopt a more integrated approach in the future. Moral Inferences will be essential reading for students and researchers of moral psychology, specifically those interested in reasoning, rationality and decision-making.
Dimensions (en cm) : 14 x 1 x 19 Chroniques et points de vue Présentation de l'éditeur Ce nouveau dictionnaire bilingue est un ouvrage indispensable pour la compréhension de la terminologie juridique anglo-saxonne et constituera un outil indispensable pour les étudiants en droit et les praticiens. Tout le vocabulaire essentiel du monde juridique droit civil (droit des contrats, droit dé la famille...), droit constitutionnel, droit pénal, jurisprudence... Plus de 11 500 mots et expressions ; 200 encadrés précisant les termes et concepts juridiques importants ; Des annexes relatives aux systèmes juridiques français et anglo-saxons et aux affaires qui ont fait date