Droit du travail 2013-2014
Author: Martine Le Bihan-Guénolé
Publisher: Hachette Éducation
Le droit du travail règle minutieusement la vie quotidienne au sein des entreprises. Cet ouvrage s'articule autour des deux aspects de ce droit : les relations individuelles de travail et les relations collectives de travail. Il présente de manière claire et complète les principes et les applications de la discipline. Il comporte pour chaque point abordé, des cas pratiques corrigés qui permettent d'éclairer la loi par son application pratique. À jour : - De la réforme des retraites - De l’égalité professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes - Des dernières jurisprudences de la Cour de cassation (égalité de traitement, forfaits jours, vie professionnelle et vie personnelle...)
Dans un contexte où les risques psychosociaux se placent au premier plan des risques du fait de travail pour la santé mentale, la notion de risques psychosociaux n'est pas ignorée par le droit mais ne bénéficie pas, à l'heure actuelle, d'une définition juridique. Cependant, tout en étant une notion aux contours poreux, ceci ne l'empêche pas pour autant d'être un véritable catalyseur normatif. Un parti-pris a été fait de dresser tout à la fois un état des lieux de la notion des risques psychosociaux et de ce qu'elle génère.
Cahiers d’Anthropologie du droit 2013-2014 La difficulté de l’État à générer tant une légitimité forte qu’une effectivité du droit produit par ses institutions repose sur deux constats issus de la recherche conduite par les spécialistes des sciences humaines et sociales ainsi que par les juristes. Le premier est que les cultures juridiques, c’est-àdire les manières de vivre et de penser le droit, sont encore aujourd’hui tout aussi diversifiées que les cultures elles-mêmes ; le second est qu’il existe un risque d’ineffectivité du droit commun, lié à la nature changeante des attentes et des conflits sociaux et des crises politiques récurrentes. Ces bouleversements sont de nature non seulement à fragiliser l’État mais dans le même temps à déposséder les populations, dès lors que les institutions politico-juridiques prétendent imposer une culture juridique hégémonique ou une figure de la juridicité qui fait l’impasse sur les représentations, les réalités et les attentes de ceux qui sont les acteurs légitimes du vivre-ensemble. La légitimité de l’État de droit dépendrait alors de sa capacité à générer des scènes de dialogue, aptes à articuler les attentes contemporaines de droit tout en affrontant paradoxes et contradictions. Cette publication sous la direction de Gilda Nicolau (Université Paris 1) et de Fabrice Hourquebie (Université de Bordeaux) est le premier résultat d’un travail de recherche en droit comparé mené par des jeunes chercheurs de l’Université de Bordeaux (CERCCLE) et du Laboratoire d’anthropologie juridique de Paris 1 (LAJP-UMR de droit comparé) dans le cadre d’un projet de recherche international soutenu par l’Agence universitaire de la francophonie (AUF) : Nouvelles figures de l’État de droit et légitimation du droit par le dialogue des cultures juridiques.
Doing Business 2017
Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Fourteenth in a series of annual reports comparing business regulation in 190 economies, Doing Business 2017 measures aspects of regulation affecting 10 areas of everyday business activity: • Starting a business • Dealing with construction permits • Getting electricity • Registering property • Getting credit • Protecting minority investors • Paying taxes • Trading across borders • Enforcing contracts • Resolving insolvency These areas are included in the distance to frontier score and ease of doing business ranking. Doing Business also measures features of labor market regulation, which is not included in these two measures. This year’s report introduces major improvements by expanding the paying taxes indicators to cover postfiling processes—tax audits, tax refunds and tax appeals—and presents analysis of pilot data on selling to the government which measures public procurement regulations. Also for the first time this year Doing Business collects data on Somalia, bringing the total number of economies covered to 190. Using the data originally developed by Women, Business and the Law, this year for the first time Doing Business adds a gender component to three indicators—starting a business, registering property, and enforcing contracts—and finds that those economies which limit women’s access in these areas have fewer women working in the private sector both as employers and employees. The report updates all indicators as of June 1, 2016, ranks economies on their overall “ease of doing business†?, and analyzes reforms to business regulation †“ identifying which economies are strengthening their business environment the most. Doing Business illustrates how reforms in business regulations are being used to analyze economic outcomes for domestic entrepreneurs and for the wider economy. It is a flagship product produced in partnership by the World Bank Group that garners worldwide attention on regulatory barriers to entrepreneurship. More than 137 economies have used the Doing Business indicators to shape reform agendas and monitor improvements on the ground. In addition, the Doing Business data has generated over 2,182 articles in peer-reviewed academic journals since its inception.
The Law of Obligations
Author: Reinhard Zimmermann
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Scholarly survey of the Law of Obligations form classical to modern times. Discusses each contract, tort, and liability based on unjust enrichment with great clarity and traces their development over hundreds of years through the legal systems of Europe
The Idea of Labour Law
Author: Guy Davidov, Brian Langille
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Labour law is widely considered to be in crisis by scholars of the field. This crisis has an obvious external dimension - labour law is attacked for impeding efficiency, flexibility, and development; vilified for reducing employment and for favouring already well placed employees over less fortunate ones; and discredited for failing to cover the most vulnerable workers and workers in the "informal sector". These are just some of the external challenges to labour law. There is also an internal challenge, as labour lawyers themselves increasingly question whether their discipline is conceptually coherent, relevant to the new empirical realities of the world of work, and normatively salient in the world as we now know it. This book responds to such fundamental challenges by asking the most fundamental questions: What is labour law for? How can it be justified? And what are the normative premises on which reforms should be based? There has been growing interest in such questions in recent years. In this volume the contributors seek to take this body of scholarship seriously and also to move it forward. Its aim is to provide, if not answers which satisfy everyone, intellectually nourishing food for thought for those interested in understanding, explaining and interpreting labour laws - whether they are scholars, practitioners, judges, policy-makers, or workers and employers.
The Language of Law School
Author: Elizabeth Mertz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In this linguistic study of law school education, Mertz shows how law professors employ the Socratic method between teacher and student, forcing the student to shift away from moral and emotional terms in thinking about conflict, toward frameworks of legal authority instead.
Few topics in the life sciences today provoke as much debate as the availability of patent protection on "genetic inventions". Some hold that protection is essential to encourage innovation and development of new products. Others argue that patents ...
Terms such as 'Social Europe' and 'European Social Model' have long resided in the political and regulatory lexicon of European integration. But in recent years, and in spite of the adoption of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the EU social profile has entered a profound period of crisis. The ECJ judgments of Viking and Laval exemplify the unresolved tension between the EU's strong market imperatives and its fragile social aspirations while the ongoing economic crisis, while the various 'bail out' packages are producing a constant retrenchment of social rights. The status quo is one in which workers appear to shoulder most of the risks attendant on making and executing arrangements for the doing of work. Chapters in this book advocate a reversal of this trend in favour of fair mutualization, so as to disperse these risks and share them more equitably between employers, the state, and society at large.
Critical Disability Theory
Author: Dianne Pothier, Richard Devlin
Publisher: UBC Press
Despite the widespread belief that Canada is a country of liberty, equality, and inclusiveness, many persons with disabilities experience social exclusion and marginalization. In this book, twenty-four scholars from a variety of disciplines contend that achieving equality for the disabled is not fundamentally a question of medicine or health, nor is it an issue of sensitivity or compassion. Rather, it is a question of politics, and of power and powerlessness. This book argues that we need a new understanding of participatory citizenship that encompasses the disabled, new policies to respond to their needs, and a new vision of their entitlements.
Governance by Numbers
Author: Alain Supiot
Publisher: Hart Publishing
The West's cherished dream of social harmony is disrupting the current familiar legal frameworks-the state, democracy, and law itself. Its scientistic vision was already at work in both Taylorism and Soviet Planning, and today, with 'globalisation, ' it is flourishing in the form of governance by numbers. Shunning the goal of governing by just laws, and empowered by the information and communication technologies, governance champions a new normative ideal of attaining measurable objectives. Programs supplant legislation, and governance displaces government. However, management by objectives revives forms of law typical of economic vassalage. When a person is no longer protected by a law applying equally to all, the only solution is to pledge allegiance to someone stronger than oneself. Ruling by law had already secured the principle of impersonal power but, in taking this principle to extremes, governance by numbers has paradoxically spawned a world ruled by ties of allegiance. This book is a translation of a seminal work on law and globalisation by a leading French jurist. Will be of interest to public lawyers, particularly those with an interest in globalisation, global governance, employment law, economics and political economy. (Series: Hart Studies in Comparative Public Law, Vol. 20) [Subject: Public Law, Constitutional Law, International Law, Comparative Law
An Introduction to Design for Civil Engineers is a concise book that provides the reader with the necessary background on terminology used in design. With this book as a guide, entry-level students of civil engineering will better understand from the outset lectures on detailed subject areas. Drawing on a wealth of experience, the authors present a largely qualitative treatment of the subject matter with little mathematics. Descriptions are amplified with numerous illustrations. This book will be a useful aid for entry-level students of civil engineering and related disciplines such as structural engineering, building engineering and architecture. It will also prove beneficial for newly qualified professionals and others who want a concise guide to everyday design technology.
Across Legal Lines
Author: Jessica M. Marglin
Publisher: Yale University Press
A previously untold story of Jewish-Muslim relations in modern Morocco, showing how law facilitated Jews' integration into the broader Moroccan society in which they lived Morocco went through immense upheaval in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Through the experiences of a single Jewish family, Jessica Marglin charts how the law helped Jews to integrate into Muslim society--until colonial reforms abruptly curtailed their legal mobility. Drawing on a broad range of archival documents, Marglin expands our understanding of contemporary relations between Jews and Muslims and changes the way we think about Jewish history, the Middle East, and the nature of legal pluralism.