Aucun texte relatif au droit d’auteur ne donne de définition précise du support. Est-ce à dire qu’il est purement et simplement dénué d’intérêt ? L’admettre serait abusivement expéditif. Ainsi, à l’origine de cet ouvrage, pointait la nécessité de préciser les contours de la notion de support. Dans cette perspective, l’absence de définition légale s’est avérée salutaire en ce qu’elle donne une certaine latitude à l’analyste, permettant une approche lato sensu. L’ouvrage se propose alors de considérer la notion de support dans sa diversité, tant au stade de la création que de l’exploitation, et ce sans négliger l’impact des nouvelles technologies sur les manifestations du support. Par ailleurs, souvent présenté comme une contingence matérielle, le support est, en réalité, indispensable à l’existence ainsi qu’à la diffusion de toute œuvre. Ce premier temps de la recherche devait s’accompagner d’une réflexion d’ensemble relative au régime applicable au support et plus précisément à son articulation avec les droits portant sur l’œuvre. En la matière, c’est également la complexité qui semble régner. L’objectif est de montrer qu’au-delà de l’indépendance, fondamentale, développée dans le champ théorique du Droit ; le contexte factuel révèle – c’est inéluctable – une véritable interférence entre les deux modes réservataires. Émerge ainsi le constat suivant : si l’interférence est à double sens, elle apparaît inégale puisque l’impact de la propriété du support sur les droits d’auteur n’est que relatif tandis que l’incidence des droits d’auteur sur les droits grevant le support est prégnante. Cet ouvrage qui tend à cerner et à montrer, à travers une étude d’ensemble, la complexité du support en droit d’auteur, s’adresse tant aux théoriciens du droit d’auteur qu’aux praticiens, soucieux d’apporter des éléments de réponse aux nouvelles questions qui leur sont posées.
The shift from manufacturing- to service-based economies has often been accompanied by the expansion of low-wage and insecure employment. Many consider the effects of this shift inevitable. In Disintegrating Democracy at Work, Virginia Doellgast contends that high pay and good working conditions are possible even for marginal service jobs. This outcome, however, depends on strong unions and encompassing collective bargaining institutions, which are necessary to give workers a voice in the decisions that affect the design of their jobs and the distribution of productivity gains. Doellgast's conclusions are based on a comparative study of the changes that occurred in the organization of call center jobs in the United States and Germany following the liberalization of telecommunications markets. Based on survey data and interviews with workers, managers, and union representatives, she found that German managers more often took the "high road" than those in the United States, investing in skills and giving employees more control over their work. Doellgast traces the difference to stronger institutional supports for workplace democracy in Germany. However, these democratic structures were increasingly precarious, as managers in both countries used outsourcing strategies to move jobs to workplaces with lower pay and weaker or no union representation. Doellgast's comparative findings show the importance of policy choices in closing off these escape routes, promoting broad access to good jobs in expanding service industries.
Author: Cory Doctorow
Publisher: Tor Teen
From the New York Times bestselling author of Little Brother, Cory Doctorow, comes Pirate Cinema, a new tale of a brilliant hacker runaway who finds himself standing up to tyranny. Trent McCauley is sixteen, brilliant, and obsessed with one thing: making movies on his computer by reassembling footage from popular films he downloads from the net. In the dystopian near-future Britain where Trent is growing up, this is more illegal than ever; the punishment for being caught three times is that your entire household's access to the internet is cut off for a year, with no appeal. Trent's too clever for that too happen. Except it does, and it nearly destroys his family. Shamed and shattered, Trent runs away to London, where he slowly learns the ways of staying alive on the streets. This brings him in touch with a demimonde of artists and activists who are trying to fight a new bill that will criminalize even more harmless internet creativity, making felons of millions of British citizens at a stroke. Things look bad. Parliament is in power of a few wealthy media conglomerates. But the powers-that-be haven't entirely reckoned with the power of a gripping movie to change people's minds.... At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
"If you want to understand why Wikipedia is changing the world, this book is a must read." –Jimmy Wales, Founder, Wikipedia "This book is a must read for all - social activists, politicians or managers - who have an interest in understanding how our society is morphing." –Professor C.K. Prahalad, #1 Management Guru and author of Competing for the Future Synopsis The rise of social networks like Facebook, MySpace and Bebo is changing the way we see ourselves, how we interact with each other, how we work and how we do business on a daily basis. Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom explores the powerful forces driving the social networking revolution, the impact of these profound changes, and the far reaching consequences of social networking. Detailing the way social networks affects both individuals and societies as a whole, the book offers a detailed focus on the ways social networking affects the world of business and work. The generation entering the workforce today - and entering boardrooms everywhere - is fully engaged with social networking and its uses. Rather than feeling threatened and paranoid, today's business leaders need to understand this phenomenon, accept that it won't go away, and embrace its power in the world of business. Excerpts from Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom: "Your next CEO’s most impressive job credential might be status as an online gladiator, honing valuable leadership skills mercilessly slaying mortal enemies on World of Warcraft. Why not, the skills necessary to hack your way to the top levels of virtual games – especially a killer instinct – are excellent pre-requisites for managing complex organisations." "Many senior managers mistakenly believe Enterprise 2.0 is a product, like the latest Microsoft office suite. They don’t realise that Enterprise 2.0 is not a cost centre, but a “state of mind” – a revolutionary new way of managing companies and conducting business. Web 2.0 tools have no regard for “organisational boundaries, hierarchies, or job titles”. Try telling a senior executive that, henceforth, there will be no job titles, reporting lines, and organisational boundaries in the company – and watch the reaction closely." "When someone calls a meeting, he or she is asserting authority over those who are invited to attend. Meetings are exclusive and closed. In most corporations, who gets invited to a meeting – and who does not – sends a signal about who’s ‘in the loop’. Meetings are a form of social grooming inside organisations. Meetings impose vertical authority. They establish status hierarchies. The Enterprise 2.0 model is feared in corporations because it threatens status hierarchies." "Harnessing the dynamism of horizontal networks, Web 2.0 social media are bypassing institutional forms of social organisation and directly empowering people. This book has attempted to tell that story with illustrations, which, we hope, have offered intriguing and instructive insights into the powerful transformations we described. What has interested us most, indeed, is the transformative impact – or “e-ruptions” – of Web 2.0 social media on the three dynamics that gave this book its structure: identity, status and power."
La prescription civile est un monstre fuyant : c’est en tremblant que l’on court à sa suite. Elle est heureusement de ces matières à propos desquelles l’œuvre encyclopédique d’Henri De Page conserve l’essentiel de sa pertinence et peut être relue avantageusement, la plupart des principes et concepts qui régissent ou caractérisent l’institution conservant une grande actualité. Pour autant, l’évolution de cette figure juridique aux singularités marquées n’a pas été avare en modifications, voire en bouleversements. Le présent ouvrage tente la gageure d’actualiser les feuilles consacrées à la prescription par le Traité élémentaire, avec la plus grande fidélité à son esprit sinon toujours à son style. Il s’agit donc de proposer au praticien un outil confortable, qui le guide dans les méandres de l’application du droit à la lumière des quelques dispositions légales pertinentes et de nombreuses illustrations jurisprudentielles, mais encore d’inscrire ces références dans une réflexion fondamentale globale et, autant que possible, cohérente. Dans le fil de la première édition, sont méthodiquement étudiées les notions qui structurent la matière des règles communes à toutes prescriptions (computation et accidents du délai,...) et de la prescription libératoire (établissement de chaque délai particulier et de son point de départ, présomptions de paiement,...), la prescription acquisitive étant traitée, par souci de cohérence, dans le tome que cette Collection consacre aux biens. Le civiliste se voit offrir une analyse systématique et argumentée d’un corpus aussi redoutable qu’incontournable.
The Idea of Labour Law
Author: Guy Davidov, Brian Langille
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Labour law is widely considered to be in crisis by scholars of the field. This crisis has an obvious external dimension - labour law is attacked for impeding efficiency, flexibility, and development; vilified for reducing employment and for favouring already well placed employees over less fortunate ones; and discredited for failing to cover the most vulnerable workers and workers in the "informal sector". These are just some of the external challenges to labour law. There is also an internal challenge, as labour lawyers themselves increasingly question whether their discipline is conceptually coherent, relevant to the new empirical realities of the world of work, and normatively salient in the world as we now know it. This book responds to such fundamental challenges by asking the most fundamental questions: What is labour law for? How can it be justified? And what are the normative premises on which reforms should be based? There has been growing interest in such questions in recent years. In this volume the contributors seek to take this body of scholarship seriously and also to move it forward. Its aim is to provide, if not answers which satisfy everyone, intellectually nourishing food for thought for those interested in understanding, explaining and interpreting labour laws - whether they are scholars, practitioners, judges, policy-makers, or workers and employers.
You Shall Know Them
Author: Vercors, Ann Atkins
Publisher: Stacey International
The Paranthropus ("tropi" for short) are a large tribe of New Guinea cliff-dwellers who smoke their meat and bury their dead. Simian in many of their physical characteristics, they are normally erect in stance, though happy to drop to all fours at a moment’s notice. Australian wool interests see the tropis as a dream come true—workers who can be trained without benefit of paycheck. Newspaperman Douglas Templemore is an idealist—by killing his son (bred by artificial insemination of a female tropi), he hopes to cause a riot in the realm of race relations. Is he a murderer or merely an owner of a pet, which he has "put to sleep?" As he comes up for trial scientific experts file into the witness box; none agreeing on what constitutes a human being. Is man to be defined by his jawbone? By his rational capacity? By his grasp of metaphysics? Or is the judge right when he muses (without a trace of cynicism) that the tropis must be animals because they are not cannibals?
The Wealth of the Commons
Author: David Bollier, Silke Helfrich
Publisher: Levellers Press
We are poised between an old world that no longer works and a new one struggling to be born. Surrounded by centralized hierarchies on the one hand and predatory markets on the other, people around the world are searching for alternatives. The Wealth of the Commons explains how millions of commoners have organized to defend their forests and fisheries, reinvent local food systems, organize productive online communities, reclaim public spaces, improve environmental stewardship and re-imagine the very meaning of "progress" and governance. In short, how they've built their commons. In 73 timely essays by a remarkable international roster of activists, academics and project leaders, this book chronicles ongoing struggles against the private commoditization of shared resources - often known as market enclosures - while documenting the immense generative power of the commons. The Wealth of the Commons is about history, political change, public policy and cultural transformation on a global scale - but most of all, it's about individual commoners taking charge of their lives and their endangered resources. "This fine collection makes clear that the idea of the Commons is fully international, and increasingly fully worked-out. If you find yourself wondering what Occupy wants, or if some other world is possible, this pragmatic, down-to-earth, and unsentimental book will provide many of the answers." - Bill McKibben, author of Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and The Durable Future
World of Walls
Author: Said Saddiki
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
"We’re going to build a wall.” Borders have been drawn since the beginning of time, but in recent years artificial barriers have become increasingly significant to the political conversation across the world. Donald Trump was elected President of the United States while promising to build a wall on the Mexico border, and in Europe, the international movements of migrants and refugees have sparked fierce discussion about whether and how countries should restrict access to their territory by erecting physical barriers. Virtual walls are also built and crushed at increasing speed. In the post-9/11 era there is a greater danger from so-called "transnational non-state actors”, and computer hacking and cyberterrorism threaten to overwhelm our technological barriers. In this timely and original book, Said Saddiki scrutinises the physical and virtual walls located in four continents, including Israel, India, the southern EU border, Morocco, and the proposed border wall between Mexico and the US. Saddiki’s detailed analysis explores the tensions between the rise of globalisation, which some have argued will lead to a "borderless world” and "the end of the nation-state”, and the rapid development in recent decades of border control systems. Saddiki examines both regular and irregular cross-border activities, including the flow of people, goods, ideas, drugs, weapons, capital, and information, and explores the disparities that are reflected by barriers to such activities. He considers the consequences of the construction of physical and virtual walls, including their impact on international relations and the rise of the multi-billion dollar security market. World of Walls: The Structure, Roles and Effectiveness of Separation Barriers is important reading for all those interested in the topics of immigration, border security, international relations, and policy.
The Law of Obligations
Author: Reinhard Zimmermann
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Scholarly survey of the Law of Obligations form classical to modern times. Discusses each contract, tort, and liability based on unjust enrichment with great clarity and traces their development over hundreds of years through the legal systems of Europe