Author: Projektgruppe Die Gesellschaft nach dem Geld
Alles dreht sich ums Geld. Keine irgendwie geartete individuelle oder kollektive Praxis, keine technologische oder wissenschaftliche Entwicklung scheint ohne Geld denkbar zu sein. Seit langer Zeit wird Geld aber auch kritisiert, doch der Gedanke an eine ‚Gesellschaft nach dem Geld‘ löst Widerstand und Befremden aus. In dem Sammelband treten zum einen heterogene Wissensbereiche in einen Dialog und beleuchten ihre Theorien und Kritiken des Geldes wechselseitig. Zum anderen wird ergebnisoffen über die Möglichkeit post-monetärer Organisations- und Produktionsformen nachgedacht.
Jäger, Hirten, Kritiker
Author: Richard David Precht
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
Dass unsere Welt sich gegenwärtig rasant verändert, weiß inzwischen jeder. Doch wie reagieren wir darauf? Die einen feiern die digitale Zukunft mit erschreckender Naivität und erwarten die Veränderungen wie das Wetter. Die Politik scheint den großen Umbruch nicht ernst zu nehmen. Sie dekoriert noch einmal auf der Titanic die Liegestühle um. Andere warnen vor der Diktatur der Digitalkonzerne aus dem Silicon Valley. Und wieder andere möchten am liebsten die Decke über den Kopf ziehen und zurück in die Vergangenheit. Richard David Precht skizziert dagegen das Bild einer wünschenswerten Zukunft im digitalen Zeitalter. Ist das Ende der Leistungsgesellschaft, wie wir sie kannten, überhaupt ein Verlust? Für Precht enthält es die Chance, in Zukunft erfüllter und selbstbestimmter zu leben. Doch dafür müssen wir jetzt die Weichen stellen und unser Gesellschaftssystem konsequent verändern. Denn zu arbeiten, etwas zu gestalten, sich selbst zu verwirklichen, liegt in der Natur des Menschen. Von neun bis fünf in einem Büro zu sitzen und dafür Lohn zu bekommen nicht! Dieses Buch will zeigen, wo die Weichen liegen, die wir richtig stellen müssen. Denn die Zukunft kommt nicht - sie wird von uns gemacht! Die Frage ist nicht: Wie werden wir leben? Sondern: Wie wollen wir leben?
Leben nach Zahlen
Author: Stefanie Duttweiler, Robert Gugutzer, Jan-Hendrik Passoth, Jörg Strübing
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Was ändert sich, wenn Selbsterkenntnis zum digitalen Produkt wird? Ob Kalorien, Schritte, Blut- oder Stimmungswerte: Am Körper getragene mobile Geräte messen, überwachen und coachen alltägliches Verhalten und körperliche Leistungen. Die technisch vermittelte Erforschung, Steuerung und Optimierung des Selbst - das sogenannte »Self-Tracking« - etabliert nicht nur neue Verhältnisse von Körper, Technik und Wissen, sondern verwischt gleichermaßen die Grenze zwischen Selbst- und Fremdführung. Die Beiträge des Bandes fragen nach den gesellschaftlichen Bedingungen und den Auswirkungen dieser Transformationen und den damit einhergehenden Veränderungen zeitgenössischer Selbst- und Körperverhältnisse.
The Cybernetics Moment
Author: Ronald R. Kline
Publisher: JHU Press
Cybernetics—the science of communication and control as it applies to machines and to humans—originates from efforts during World War II to build automatic anti-aircraft systems. Following the war, this science extended beyond military needs to examine all systems that rely on information and feedback, from the level of the cell to that of society. In The Cybernetics Moment, Ronald R. Kline, a senior historian of technology, examines the intellectual and cultural history of cybernetics and information theory, whose language of "information," "feedback," and "control" transformed the idiom of the sciences, hastened the development of information technologies, and laid the conceptual foundation for what we now call the Information Age. Kline argues that, for about twenty years after 1950, the growth of cybernetics and information theory and ever-more-powerful computers produced a utopian information narrative—an enthusiasm for information science that influenced natural scientists, social scientists, engineers, humanists, policymakers, public intellectuals, and journalists, all of whom struggled to come to grips with new relationships between humans and intelligent machines. Kline traces the relationship between the invention of computers and communication systems and the rise, decline, and transformation of cybernetics by analyzing the lives and work of such notables as Norbert Wiener, Claude Shannon, Warren McCulloch, Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson, and Herbert Simon. Ultimately, he reveals the crucial role played by the cybernetics moment—when cybernetics and information theory were seen as universal sciences—in setting the stage for our current preoccupation with information technologies.
Author: Graham Kibble-White
New ideas for new products are not enough for creating successful markets: Product Innovation means to manage the whole chain from invention to new and best selling products in market. This innovation roadmap has to be carefully and systematically planned and procured. There are a lot of methods for creativity, market analysis, evaluation, technology forecast, and decision gates available within this book. These methods and tools are brought together and their scopes of application as well as their limitations are shown. The whole tool kit of methods and decision models like market studies, value engineering, TRIZ or portfolio analysis and others are linked together to the overall Aachen Innovation Model (AIM). This handbook is to be used as an innovation management guide as well as an information source for nearly all methods and tools in the field of innovation for technical products. The complete Innovation Road Map is supported by an interactive, multiple user software tool "EDEN" on an ontology basis. Thus the user has not only access to the collected know how of the past, but can also contribute to growth of expertise within his or her enterprise.
The Value of Privacy
Author: Beate Rossler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This new book by Beate Rossler is a work of real quality and originality on an extremely topical issue: the issue of privacy and the relations between the private and the public. Rossler investigates the reasons why we value privacy and why we ought to value it. In the context of modern, liberal societies, Rossler develops a theory of the private which links privacy and autonomy in a constitutive way: privacy is a necessary condition to lead an autonomous life. The book develops a theory of freedom and autonomy which sees the ability to pose the "practical question" of how one wants to live, of what a person strives to be, at the centre of the modern idea of autonomy. The question of privacy is emerging as an increasingly important topic in social and political theory and is central to many current debates in law, the media and politics. The Value of Privacy will be widely recognised to be a classic contribution to the subject.
A historical study of Chile's twin experiments with cybernetics and socialism, and what they tell us about the relationship of technology and politics.
Author: Erik Olin Wright
Publisher: Verso Books
Leading sociologist examines how different readings of class enrich our understanding of capitalism Few ideas are more contested today than “class.” Some have declared its death, while others insist on its centrality to contemporary capitalism. It is said its relevance is limited to explaining individuals’ economic conditions and opportunities, while at the same time argued that it is a structural feature of macro-power relations. In Understanding Class, leading left sociologist Erik Olin Wright interrogates the divergent meanings of this fundamental concept in order to develop a more integrated framework of class analysis. Beginning with the treatment of class in Marx and Weber, proceeding through the writings of Charles Tilly, Thomas Piketty, Guy Standing, and others, and finally examining how class struggle and class compromise play out in contemporary society, Understanding Class provides a compelling view of how to think about the complexity of class in the world today. From the Trade Paperback edition.
This book is a key resource on the foundations of Marxist Internet and Digital Media Studies. It presents 16 contributions that show how Marx’s analyses of capitalism, the commodity, class, labour, work, exploitation, surplus-value, dialectics, crises, ideology, class struggles, and communism help us to understand the Internet and social media in 21st century digital capitalism.
Marx After Marx
Author: Harry Harootunian
Publisher: Columbia University Press
In Marx After Marx, Harry Harootunian questions the claims of Western Marxism and its presumption of the final completion of capitalism. If this shift in Marxism reflected the recognition that the expected revolutions were not forthcoming in the years before World War II, its Cold War afterlife helped to both unify the West in its struggle with the Soviet Union and bolster the belief that capitalism remained dominant in the contest over progress. This book deprovincializes Marx and the West's cultural turn by returning to the theorist's earlier explanations of capital's origins and development, which followed a trajectory beyond Euro-America to Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Marx's expansive view shows how local circumstances, time, and culture intervened to reshape capital's system of production in these regions. His outline of a diversified global capitalism was much more robust than was his sketch of the English experience in Capital and helps explain the disparate routes that evolved during the twentieth century. Engaging with the texts of Lenin, Luxemburg, Gramsci, and other pivotal theorists, Harootunian strips contemporary Marxism of its cultural preoccupation by reasserting the deep relevance of history.
The Blessing Legacy
Author: Odile Koudou
Publisher: Xulon Press
The Blessing Legacy A Memoir of Africa, a Father's Faith, and a Destiny Fulfilled "I speak of a true story, my living testimony..." So begin the words of The Blessing Legacy: A Memoir of Africa, a Father's Faith, and a Destiny Fulfilled, the tale of a young woman raised in poverty in Ivory Coast, but bolstered by a father whose faith taught her to dream big and never say "never." Odile Koudou invites us to walk the village paths where she was raised, experience the sights, sounds, and real nature of Africa, and relive the story of a remarkable man who inspired her to become more than she ever dreamed she could be. With his words whispering in her spirit, she rose from her humble beginnings to a position of honor and wealth in America, married into a prominent family, and now uses her "blessing" to enrich the lives of others. Through her example, anyone raised in poverty will see that it is possible to "reverse the curse" and lead a life of extraordinary excellence. Odile Koudou has several years of experience in the banking industries. She has worked as a stockbroker, bank manager, and mortgage banker, and currently she is a real estate investor. She and her husband are blessed with two wonderful daughters, Cynthia and Leslie.
Author: Bernd M. Giese, Christian Pade, Henning Wigger, Arnim von Gleich
Synthetic Biology is already an object of intensive debate. However, to a great extent the discussion to date has been concerned with fundamental ethical, religious and philosophical questions. By contrast, based on an investigation of the field’s scientific and technological character, this book focuses on new functionalities provided by synthetic biology and explores the associated opportunities and risks. Following an introduction to the subject and a discussion of the most central paradigms and methodologies, the book provides an overview of the structure of this field of science and technology. It informs the reader about the current stage of development, as well as topical problems and potential opportunities in important fields of application. But not only the science itself is in focus. In order to investigate its broader impact, ecological as well as ethical implications will be considered, paving the way for a discussion of responsibilities in the context of a field at a transitional crossroads between basic and applied science. In closing, the requirements for a suitable regulatory framework are discussed. The book is intended as a source of information and orientation for researchers, students and practitioners in the natural sciences and technology assessment; for members of scientific and technological, governmental and funding institutions; and for members of the general public interested in essential information on the current status, prospects and implications of synthetic biology.
The Cybernetic Brain
Author: Andrew Pickering
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Cybernetics is often thought of as a grim military or industrial science of control. But as Andrew Pickering reveals in this beguiling book, a much more lively and experimental strain of cybernetics can be traced from the 1940s to the present. The Cybernetic Brain explores a largely forgotten group of British thinkers, including Grey Walter, Ross Ashby, Gregory Bateson, R. D. Laing, Stafford Beer, and Gordon Pask, and their singular work in a dazzling array of fields. Psychiatry, engineering, management, politics, music, architecture, education, tantric yoga, the Beats, and the sixties counterculture all come into play as Pickering follows the history of cybernetics’ impact on the world, from contemporary robotics and complexity theory to the Chilean economy under Salvador Allende. What underpins this fascinating history, Pickering contends, is a shared but unconventional vision of the world as ultimately unknowable, a place where genuine novelty is always emerging. And thus, Pickering avers, the history of cybernetics provides us with an imaginative model of open-ended experimentation in stark opposition to the modern urge to achieve domination over nature and each other.