Cultures Du Risque Au Travail Et Pratiques De Prevention Au Xxe Siecle La France Au Regard Des Pays Voisins Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Cultures du risque au travail et pratiques de prévention au XXe siècle

Cultures du risque au travail et pratiques de prévention au XXe siècle

Author: Catherine Omnès, Laure Pitti
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN: 2753508135
Pages: 262
Year: 2009
Après avoir défriché l'histoire de l'inaptitude au travail, le Groupe d'Histoire Travail et Santé (GHTS) prolonge son investigation historique de la santé au travail en abordant la thématique du risque au travail. L'enjeu est de comprendre pourquoi le risque professionnel demeure un fléau humain et financier et une source d'aggravation des inégalités sociales dans les économies occidentales un siècle après les lois relatives à la réparation des accidents du travail. Les contributions présentées dans cet ouvrage donnent à voir les figures multiples et souvent méconnues des métiers du risque ; tour à tour apparaissent inspecteurs du travail, médecins d'usine, surintendantes d'usine, ingénieurs de sécurité, psychotechniciens, médecins du travail, ergonomes..., autant de professions à la culture et au positionnement différents, qui se concurrencent et qui s'entrechoquent plus qu'elles ne coopèrent, jusqu'à ce que le droit communautaire les astreigne à travailler ensemble dans la pluridisciplinarité. L'observation se focalise sur les instances spécialisées dans la gestion du risque. À la fois lieux de concertation et lieux de l'expertise, ces instances laissent voir le jeu des acteurs, la volonté patronale de garder la main mise sur la sécurité, les outils qu'elles produisent et des pratiques qui n'échappent pas à l'influence de l'environnement, aux stéréotypes sociaux et à la logique longtemps dominante qui attribue 80 pour cent des risques au " facteur humain ". Enfin, en interrogeant les terrains des luttes sociales, les historiens revisitent l'idée généralement admise d'un consentement des travailleurs au risque professionnel, voire le goût de la prise de risque, leur prédilection pour la valorisation financière du risque et pour la réparation aux dépens de la prévention. Peu visible, la revendication de la sécurité au travail a souvent été minorée, minimisée, car elle s'exprime, semble-t-il, à une échelle locale ou individuelle. Il faut attendre les années 1970 pour que des mouvements sociaux et juridiques de type nouveau fassent du droit à la sécurité et à la santé au travail un enjeu central des luttes et cherchent au-delà à redéfinir la place des hommes et des femmes dans le système productif comme d'autres avaient tenté de le faire au début du siècle face au défi du taylorisme.
Toxicants, Health and Regulation since 1945

Toxicants, Health and Regulation since 1945

Author: Nathalie Jas, Soraya Boudia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317319680
Pages: 208
Year: 2015-10-06
The number of substances potentially dangerous to our health and environment is constantly increasing. The papers in this volume examine the concurrent rise of pollutants and the regulations designed to police their use.
History of the Workplace

History of the Workplace

Author: Lars Bluma, Judith Rainhorn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317626109
Pages: 144
Year: 2016-04-14
Interest in the history of the workplace is on the rise. Recent work in this area has combined traditional methods and theories of social history with new approaches and new questions. It constitutes a ‘topical contact zone’, a particularly dynamic field of research at the junction of social history, history of occupational health and safety, history of technology and the industrial environment. This book focuses on the new approaches in this important and growing area and their possible range of influence. These new attempts to rewrite a history of the workplace are multiple - and in some cases disparate - but share many key characteristics. They are turning away from the assumption that class and class conflict is the prime mover in social history, abandoning the traditional binomial workers vs. entrepreneurs perspective which had long sustained the historical perspective on labour. Moreover, as this collections outlines, these new attempts concentrate on the analysis of complex social networks of actors that defined and configured industrial workplaces, suggesting a broadening of possible social actors. This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Review of History.
El trabajo y sus riesgos en la época contemporànea

El trabajo y sus riesgos en la época contemporànea

Author:
Publisher: Edicions Universitat Barcelona
ISBN: 8447535843
Pages: 378
Year: 2012

Travail et emploi

Travail et emploi

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 2011

Annales

Annales

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 2009

Cahiers internationaux de sociologie

Cahiers internationaux de sociologie

Author: Georges Balandier
Publisher:
ISBN: 2130572561
Pages: 368
Year: 2009

Débordements industriels

Débordements industriels

Author: Thomas Le Roux
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN:
Pages: 401
Year: 2013
Les liaisons parfois dangereuses que les activités humaines entretiennent avec l’environnement marquent fortement l’expansion de l’industrie depuis le XVIIIe siècle. Dans cet ouvrage, historiens, sociologues, politistes et anthropologues croisent différentes propositions de lecture des conflits provoqués hier et aujourd'hui par les impacts environnementaux de la production passée en France et en Belgique francophone. Partant plus particulièrement des débordements industriels et de leurs contestations, les auteurs préconisent d’élargir l’histoire de la régulation des risques, nuisances et pollutions industrielles à celle, résolument plus transversale, de la conflictualité environnementale. Dans cette optique, chaque texte approfondie l’analyse d’un ou de plusieurs des modes d’existence de ces débordements industriels dans la cité, en abordant ou combinant quelques-uns des questionnements spécifiques au domaine de la conflictualité environnementale : nature des enjeux et jeux d’acteurs ; statuts et fonctions des territoires ; dispositifs à l’origine des débordements et de leur contestation ; processus d’émergence du conflit et de sa résolution ; négociations à l’oeuvre ; modalités d’expertise et de qualification ; répertoires d’actions et grammaires de la protestation ; temporalités et temps du conflit ; asymétries des rapports et structures de domination locale ; etc.
Livres de France

Livres de France

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 2009-05

Safety First

Safety First

Author: Mark Aldrich
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801854059
Pages: 415
Year: 1997-02-25
In 1907, American coal mines killed 3,242 men in occupational accidents, probably an all-time high both for the industry and for all laboring accidents in this country. In December alone, two mines at Monongah, West Virginia, blew up, killing 362 men. Railroad accidents that same year killed another 4,534. At a single South Chicago steel plant, 46 workers died on the job. In mines and mills and on railroads, work in America had become more dangerous than in any other advanced nation. Ninety years later, such numbers and events seem extraordinary. Although serious accidents do still occur, industrial jobs in the United States have become vastly and dramatically safer. In Safety First, Mark Aldrich offers the first full account of why the American workplace became so dangerous, and why it is now so much safer. Aldrich, an economist who once served as an OSHA investigator, first describes the increasing dangers of industrial work in late-nineteenth-century America as a result of technological change, careless work practices, and a legal system that minimized employers' responsibility for industrial accidents. He then explores the developments that led to improved safety—government regulation, corporate publicizing of safety measures, and legislation that raised the costs of accidents by requiring employers to pay workmen's compensation. At the heart of these changes, Aldrich contends, was the emergence of a safety ideology that stressed both worker and management responsibility for work accidents—a stunning reversal of earlier attitudes.
Body and Soul

Body and Soul

Author: Alondra Nelson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452933227
Pages: 289
Year: 2011
The legacy of the Black Panther Party's commitment to community health care, a central aspect of its fight for social justice
In the Public Interest

In the Public Interest

Author: Ruth Horowitz
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813554284
Pages: 268
Year: 2012-12-28
How do we know when physicians practice medicine safely? Can we trust doctors to discipline their own? What is a proper role of experts in a democracy? In the Public Interest raises these provocative questions, using medical licensing and discipline to advocate for a needed overhaul of how we decide public good in a society dominated by private interest groups. Throughout the twentieth century, American physicians built a powerful profession, but their drive toward professional autonomy has made outside observers increasingly concerned about physicians’ ability to separate their own interests from those of the general public. Ruth Horowitz traces the history of medical licensure and the mechanisms that democratic societies have developed to certify doctors to deliver critical services. Combining her skills as a public member of medical licensing boards and as an ethnographer, Horowitz illuminates the workings of the crucial public institutions charged with maintaining public safety. She demonstrates the complex agendas different actors bring to board deliberations, the variations in the board authority across the country, the unevenly distributed institutional resources available to board members, and the difficulties non-physician members face as they struggle to balance interests of the parties involved. In the Public Interest suggests new procedures, resource allocation, and educational initiatives to increase physician oversight. Horowitz makes the case for regulations modeled after deliberative democracy that promise to open debates to the general public and allow public members to take a more active part in the decision-making process that affects vital community interests.
The Body Economic

The Body Economic

Author: David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465063977
Pages: 240
Year: 2013-05-21
Politicians have talked endlessly about the seismic economic and social impacts of the recent financial crisis, but many continue to ignore its disastrous effects on human health—and have even exacerbated them, by adopting harsh austerity measures and cutting key social programs at a time when constituents need them most. The result, as pioneering public health experts David Stuckler and Sanjay Basu reveal in this provocative book, is that many countries have turned their recessions into veritable epidemics, ruining or extinguishing thousands of lives in a misguided attempt to balance budgets and shore up financial markets. Yet sound alternative policies could instead help improve economies and protect public health at the same time. In The Body Economic, Stuckler and Basu mine data from around the globe and throughout history to show how government policy becomes a matter of life and death during financial crises. In a series of historical case studies stretching from 1930s America, to Russia and Indonesia in the 1990s, to present-day Greece, Britain, Spain, and the U.S., Stuckler and Basu reveal that governmental mismanagement of financial strife has resulted in a grim array of human tragedies, from suicides to HIV infections. Yet people can and do stay healthy, and even get healthier, during downturns. During the Great Depression, U.S. deaths actually plummeted, and today Iceland, Norway, and Japan are happier and healthier than ever, proof that public wellbeing need not be sacrificed for fiscal health. Full of shocking and counterintuitive revelations and bold policy recommendations, The Body Economic offers an alternative to austerity—one that will prevent widespread suffering, both now and in the future.
Professions and Professionalization: Volume 3, Sociological Studies

Professions and Professionalization: Volume 3, Sociological Studies

Author: J. A. Jackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521079829
Pages: 226
Year: 1970
An exploration of professions and the characteristics of professionalism.
Female Rebellion in Young Adult Dystopian Fiction

Female Rebellion in Young Adult Dystopian Fiction

Author: Sara K. Day, Miranda A. Green-Barteet, Amy L. Montz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317135946
Pages: 224
Year: 2016-04-15
Responding to the increasingly powerful presence of dystopian literature for young adults, this volume focuses on novels featuring a female protagonist who contends with societal and governmental threats at the same time that she is navigating the treacherous waters of young adulthood. The contributors relate the liminal nature of the female protagonist to liminality as a unifying feature of dystopian literature, literature for and about young women, and cultural expectations of adolescent womanhood. Divided into three sections, the collection investigates cultural assumptions and expectations of adolescent women, considers the various means of resistance and rebellion made available to and explored by female protagonists, and examines how the adolescent female protagonist is situated with respect to the groups and environments that surround her. In a series of thought-provoking essays on a wide range of writers that includes Libba Bray, Scott Westerfeld, Tahereh Mafi, Veronica Roth, Marissa Meyer, Ally Condie, and Suzanne Collins, the collection makes a convincing case for how this rebellious figure interrogates the competing constructions of adolescent womanhood in late-twentieth- and early twenty-first-century culture.