Aimer et compter?
Author: Hélène Belleau, Agnès Martial
Le principe d’égalité des sexes a redéfini la relation conjugale. La hiérarchie mari, femme et enfants a fait place à une relation contractuelle où homme et femme sont tous deux des sujets indépendants et libres de leur engagement.L’évolution des règles juridiques entourant ces nouvelles trajectoires familiales semble souvent ignorer les asymétries qui traversent la réalité des arrangements noués au sein des couples, comme les transactions à l'œuvre à la suite des séparations. Aussi, des chercheurs de la France, de la Belgique, de la Suisse et du Québec ont été amenés à développer une réflexion commune autour de la notion de « solidarité conjugale » en étudiant les normes et usages de l’argent et des biens de ces solidarités.Comment la solidarité conjugale s’exprime-t-elle à travers le droit et son évolution ? Comment se dessinent aujourd'hui les relations économiques, matérielles et patrimoniales qui traversent les transactions intimes ? À l'heure de « l'individualisation » des relations familiales, interroger le couple sous l’angle des solidarités conduit à souligner l’importance des liens d’interdépendance noués entre conjoints et permet de réinterroger les rapports de genre, en liant l'analyse des pratiques et des choix privés et celle de la dimension institutionnelle de la vie conjugale.
Homosexualité et parenté
Author: Jérôme Courduriès, Agnès Fine
Publisher: Armand Colin
Les débats publics mouvementés et les manifestations qui ont précédé en mai 2013 le vote en France de la loi ouvrant le mariage aux couples de même sexe révèlent le trouble ressenti par une partie de la population face à ces changements familiaux. Les résistances tiennent surtout au fait que la loi devrait logiquement conduire à une légalisation de la procréation médicalement assistée pour ces couples. Ces changements législatifs seraient-ils la manifestation d’une véritable révolution dans notre système de parenté ? Pour répondre à cette question, hors du champ des polémiques idéologiques et politiques, ce livre réunit les contributions d’anthropologues et de sociologues qui ont mené depuis plusieurs années des enquêtes sur les relations des gays et des lesbiennes avec les divers membres de leur famille d’origine ainsi qu’au sein des familles homoparentales qu’ils ont créées, cela en France, en Belgique, en Espagne, en Suisse, ainsi qu’aux États-Unis et au Brésil. Le double objectif des auteurs est, d’une part, de contribuer à approfondir les débats à partir d’une analyse des situations concrètes de ces familles et, d’autre part, d’analyser en anthropologues de la parenté les effets de l’homosexualité sur les relations de parenté dans nos sociétés contemporaines. Ont contribué à ce livre : Claire Ansermet, Yazid Ben Hounet, Céline Costechareire, Jérôme Courduriès, Ainhoa de Federico de la Rua, Agnès Fine, Pascal Gaberel, Martine Gross, Miriam Pillar Grossi, Cathy Herbrand, Ellen Lewin, Marianne Modak, Claudia Regina Nichnig, José Ignacio Pichardo Galán, Wilfried Rault, Flávio Luiz Tarnovski.
Les progrès de la biologie et des techniques de procréation, mais aussi les évolutions sociales et culturelles expliquent la nouvelle complexité des liens de parentés, de filiation et les nouvelles configurations familiales. Le modèle traditionnel de la famille présenté par les sociologues du XXe siècle comme un des piliers de la modernité serait-il en voie d'extinction ? Cette réflexion se révèle à la fois politique, juridique et morale.
Dimensions of Dignity
Author: Jacob Weinrib
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Offers a public law theory that elaborates the idea of human dignity to illuminate and justify innovations in constitutional practice.
This historical anthropology of the family represents a new departure in family studies. Over the past ten years or so, the social scientific sociological analysis of the family has undergone a change, and has been obliged to reconsider its traditional view that industrialisation triggered a shift within society from the 'large family', which fulfilled all social functions from socialising the children to caring for the sick and the old, to the modern nuclear family, which was regarded solely as being the locus for emotional relationships. Historians have shown that in the past there was in fact a great variety of different family structures within a wide range of varying demographic, economic and cultural frameworks, distinctive for each society. At the same time, the interaction between sociology and social anthropology has led to a clearer conceptual analysis of that vague, polysemic term 'family'; and notions of dwelling-place, descent, marriage, the relative roles of husband and wife and parent-child relations, as well as the more general relations between generations, have in a variety of past and present social contexts been taken apart and analysed. In this book, Martine Segalen reviews and synthesises a rich wealth of often little-known European and North American historical and social anthropological material on the family. This results in a reversal of the frequently held view of the family as an institution in decline, showing it instead to be both dynamic and resistant.
Author: Esther Dermott
Fatherhood is gaining ever more public and political attention, stimulated by the increasing prominence of fathers’ rights groups and the introduction of social policies, such as paternity leave. Intimate Fatherhood explores discourses of contemporary fatherhood, men’s parenting behaviour and debates about fathers’ rights and responsibilities. The book addresses the extent to which fatherhood has changed by examining key dichotomies - culture versus conduct, involved versus uninvolved and public versus private. The book also looks at longstanding conundrums such as the apparent discrepancy between fathers’ acceptance of long hours spent in paid work combined with a preference for involved fathering. Dermott maintains that our current view of good fatherhood is related to new ideas of intimacy. She argues that in order to understand contemporary fatherhood, we must recognise the centrality of the emotional father-child relationship, that the importance of breadwinning has been overstated and that flexible involvement is viewed as more important than the amount of time spent in childcare. Drawing on original qualitative interviews and large-scale quantitative research, Intimate Fatherhood presents a sociological analysis of contemporary fatherhood in Britain by exploring our ideas of good fatherhood in relation to time use, finance, emotion, motherhood and policy debates. This book will interest students, academics and researchers in sociology, gender studies and social policy.
Making Men Into Fathers
Author: Barbara Hobson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Prominent gender studies scholars consider how institutional settings and policy shape new models of fatherhood.
Author: Richard Collier, Sally Sheldon
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Debates about the future of fatherhood have been central to a range of conversations about changing family forms, parenting and society. Law has served an important, yet often neglected, role in these discussions, serving as an important focal point for broader political frustrations, playing a central role in mediating disputes, and operating as a significant, symbolic, state-sanctioned account of the scope of paternal rights and responsibilities. Fragmenting Fatherhood provides the first sustained engagement with the way that fatherhood has been understood, constructed and regulated within English law. Drawing on a range of disparate legal provisions and material from diverse disciplines, it sketches the major contours of the figure of the father as drawn in law and social policy, tracing shifts in legal and broader understandings of what it means to be a 'father'and what rights and obligations should accrue to that status. In thematically linked chapters cutting across substantive areas of law, the book locates fatherhood as a key site of contestation within broader political debates regarding the family and gender equality. Multiple visions of fatherhood, evolving unevenly over time across diverse areas of law, emerge from this analysis. Fatherhood is revealed as an essentially fragmented status and one which is intertwined in complex ways with the legal, cultural and political contexts in which discourses of parenthood are produced. Fragmenting Fatherhood provides an important and unique resource, speaking to debates about fatherhood across a range of fields including law and legal theory, sociology, gender studies, social policy, marriage and the family, women's studies and gender studies.
Sport and Violence in Europe
Author: Dominique Bodin, Luc Robène, Stéphane Héas
Publisher: Council of Europe
This book aims to pull together the main themes relevant to the relationship between sport and violence, using information from the media, court reports, statistics and research. The topics covered include: football grounds and violence; the links between sport, politics and violence; the way it is treated in the media; violence directed at minority groups; and the economic perspective.
Author: Toni M. Calasanti, Kathleen F. Slevin
This volume of original chapters is designed to bring attention to a neglected area of feminist scholarship - aging. After several decades of feminist studies we are now well informed of the complex ways that gender shapes the lives of women and men. Similarly, we know more about how gendered power relations interface with race and ethnicity, class and sexual orientation. Serious theorizing of old age and age relations to gender represents the next frontier of feminist scholarship. In this volume, leading national and international feminist scholars of aging take first steps in this direction, illuminating how age relations interact with other social inequalities, particularly gender. In doing so, the authors challenge and transform feminist scholarship and many taken for granted concepts in gender studies.
Family studies play an increasintyy important role in contemporary sociology. David Cheal provides an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of modern socological theories about family life. While recognizing that these theories are both diverse and fragmented, he argues that such divisions are a positive and integral aspect of studying contemporary family theory. Cheal takes a broad comparitive approach to the theories analysed, using empirical examples from North America, Europe, and Australia, and examining how old and new approaches interact with one another. He argues that it is possible to make sense of a contemporary family theory by analysing its divisions as the result of different experiences of modernity. These experiences lie along three axes: first, the opposition between social modernism and its anti-modernist critics; second, the ideological effects of contraditions within modernity itself, and third, the emerging differene between modernist idealism and post-modernist scepticism. Another major theme of the book is the profound impact of feminism on contemporary family studies, and how this has been the catalyst for so much rethinking of the subject in recent years. By comparing a wide range of theories in this way and providing a conceptual framework to explain and encourage theoretical pluralism, David Cheal has produced a major new work for students and researchers of family sociology and social theory worldwide.
The Great Ape Project
Author: Paola Cavalieri, Peter Singer
A compelling and revolutionary work that calls for the immediate extension of our human rights to the great apes. The Great Ape Project looks forward to a new stage in the development of the community of equals, whereby the great apes-chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans-will actually receive many of the same protections and rights that are already accorded to humans. This profound collection of thirty-one essays by the world's most distinguished observers of free-living apes make up a uniquely satisfying whole, blending observation and interpretation in a highly persuasive case for a complete reassessment of the moral status of our closest kin.
Author: Tony Honoré
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is a thoroughly revised edition of the only full-scale work about possibly the most influential lawyer of all time, the Syrian Ulpian. Ulpian wrote a massive survey of Roman law in 213-17 AD and the author argues that his philosophy of freedom and equality make him a pioneer of human rights.