A Crime of Self-Defense
Author: George P. Fletcher
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Legal expert George Fletcher uses the celebrated trial of New York's "Subway Vigilante", Bernhard Goetz, as a springboard to probe the profound relationship between this defensive action, the public's understanding of it, and the court's interpretation of it according to the law.
A Crime of Self-Defense
Author: George P. Fletcher
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The popular press dubbed him "the subway vigilante": Bernhard Goetz, who on December 22, 1984, shot four black youths on a New York subway train when one of them asked for five dollars. Goetz claimed to have fired in self-defense, out of fear that the young men were about to rob him.
Killing in Self-defence
Author: Fiona Leverick
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This book is a comprehensive analysis of the criminal defence of self-defence from a philosophical, legal and human rights perspective. The primary focus is on self-defence as a defence to homicide, as this is the most difficult type of self-defensive force to justify. Although not always recognised as such, self-defence is a contentious defence, permitting as it does the victim of an attack to preserve her life at the expense of another. If one holds that all human life is of equal value, explaining why this is permissible poses something of a challenge. It is particularly difficult to explain where the aggressor is, for reasons of non-age or insanity for example, not responsible for her actions. The first part of the book is devoted to identifying the proper theoretical basis of a claim of self-defence. It examines the classification of defences, and the concepts of justification and excuse in particular, and locates self-defence within this classification. It considers the relationship between self-defence and the closely related defences of duress and necessity. It then proceeds critically to analyse various philosophical explanations of why self-defensive killing is justified, before concluding that the most convincing account is one that draws on the right to life with an accompanying theory of forfeiture. The book then proceeds to draw upon this analysis to examine various aspects of the law of self-defence. There is detailed analysis of the way in which, on a human rights approach, it is appropriate to treat the issues of retreat, imminence of harm, self-generated self-defence, mistake and proportionality, with a particular focus on whether lethal force is ever permissible in protecting property or in preventing rape. The analysis draws on material from all of the major common law jurisdictions. The book concludes with an examination of the implications that the European Convention on Human Rights might have for the law of self-defence, especially in the areas of mistaken belief and the degree of force permissible to protect property.
Shedding new light on a controversial and intriguing issue, this book will reshape the debate on how the Judeo-Christian tradition views the morality of personal and national self-defense. • Takes a multidisciplinary approach, directly engaging with leading writers on both sides of the issue • Examines Jewish and Christian sacred writings and commentary and explores how interpretations have changed over time • Offers careful analysis of topics such as the political systems of the ancient Hebrews, the Papacy's struggle for independence, the ways in which New England ministers incited the American Revolution, and the effects of the Vietnam War on the American Catholic church's views on national self-defense • Covers the many sects that have played crucial roles in the debate over the legitimacy of armed force, including Gnostics, Manicheans, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Quakers • Engages with the ideas of leading Jewish philosophers such as Rashi and Maimonides; Christian philosophers such as Origen, Augustine, Aquinas, and Sidney; and the most influential modern exponents of pacifism, such as Dorothy Day, the Berrigan Brothers, and John Howard Yoder
Yoram Dinstein's influential textbook is an indispensable guide to the legal issues of war and peace, armed attack, self-defence and enforcement measures taken under the aegis of the Security Council. This fifth edition incorporates recent treaties such as the Kampala amendments of the Statute of the International Criminal Court, new case law from the International Court of Justice and other tribunals, and contemporary doctrinal debates. Several new supplementary sections are also included, which take into account recent conflicts around the world, and consideration is given to new resolutions of the Security Council. With many segments having been rewritten to reflect recent State practice, this book remains a wide-ranging and highly readable introduction to the legal issues surrounding war and self-defence.
Draws on true stories of people who have been involved in criminal violence to illustrate how to develop a survival mindset and quick, immediate reactions in the case of a criminal attack
Stand Your Ground
Author: Caroline Light
Publisher: Beacon Press
Despite inevitable questions about gun control, there is a sharp increase in firearm sales in the wake of every mass shooting. Yet, this kind of DIY-security activism predates the contemporary gun rights movement -- and even the stand-your-ground self-defense laws adopted in thirty-three states, or the thirteen million civilians currently licensed to carry concealed firearms. As scholar Caroline Light proves, support for "good guys with guns" relies on the entrenched belief that certain "bad guys with guns" threaten us all. This book explores the development of the American right to self-defense and reveals how the original "duty to retreat" from threat was transformed into a selective right to kill. Light traces white America's attachment to racialized, lethal self-defense by unearthing its complex legal and social histories -- from the original "castle laws" of the 1600s, which gave white men the right to protect their homes, to the brutal lynching of "criminal" Black bodies during the Jim Crow era and the radicalization of the NRA as it transitioned from a sporting organization to one of our country's most powerful lobbying forces.
Author: Mark Lesly, Charles Shuttleworth
Publisher: British Amer Pub Limited
A juror in the Berhnard Goetz trial offers his observations on the noted case, profiling the personalities of the major players and outlining the scope of information with which the jury had to work
The complete guide to survival in the concrete jungle. The modern urban environment is rife with dangers. Crime, violence, natural disasters, wars, and terrorism are real life possibilities for which few people are prepared. The Art of Urban Survival offers readers simple, safe, and practical advice on how to prepare for, and react to dozens of life threatening situations. The author draws from psychology, sociology and anthropology to provide a deeper understanding of the laws of the urban jungle. In addition, elements of military strategy, eastern martial arts, and wilderness survival techniques are included to provide information on the full spectrum of urban survival skills.
The Law of Self Defense
Author: Andrew Branca
Publisher: Law of Self Defense
The world is a dangerous place. That's why you're prepared to protect yourself and your loved ones. Now arm yourself for the legal battle that happens after an attack. The first fight is for your life - the second for your liberty. Andrew F. Branca, the renowned expert in self-defense law, teaches you how to make quick, effective, legally appropriate decisions in life-and-death situations. His easy-to-understand analysis thoroughly covers the laws of all fifty states. Key legal principles are illustrated with interesting, sometimes heart-wrenching, true life examples of people defending themselves, and how their decisions helped, hurt, or even destroyed their case. This thoroughly updated third edition includes an all new chapter on interacting with the police, including what to say (or not say ) to 911, first responders, and detectives. Don't be a victim. Stay safe from both the physical attack and the legal aftermath. This book, with a foreword by legendary use-of-force expert Massad Ayoob, will teach you the powerful legal truth that protects your life, wealth, and freedom.
The Ethics of Self-Defense
Author: Associate Professor of Philosophy Christian Coons, Michael Weber, Associate Professor and Department Chair in the Department of Philosophy Michael Weber
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The fifteen new essays collected in this volume address questions concerning the ethics of self-defense, most centrally when and to what extent the use of defensive force, especially lethal force, can be justified. Scholarly interest in this topic reflects public concern stemming from controversial cases of the use of force by police, and military force exercised in the name of defending against transnational terrorism. The contributors pay special attention to determining when a threat is liable to defensive harm, though doubts about this emphasis are also raised. The legitimacy of so-called "stand your ground" policies and laws is also addressed. This volume will be of great interest to readers in moral, political, and legal philosophy.
One of the best-kept secrets in America is how often and how effectively ordinary citizens defend themselves with firearms against criminal attack or criminal threat. Criminology professor Gary Kleck of Florida State University estimates that each year about 2.5 million ordinary people in the United States use firearms in confrontations with criminals. In the most cases, a shot is not fired and the incident is not reported to police. Along with the bias of the mainstream media against portraying guns in a positive light, this results in these incidents occurring below the public's radar. The second edition of this comprehensive look at self-defense with firearms lifts the veil by recounting some of these incidents, from warding off a burglar in the home to coming to the aid of a police officer in jeopardy. Each incident is put into context with other self-defense actions and features descriptions of ordinary citizens to determine why they did what they did. The stories are rounded out by suggestions, often from the participants themselves, about what they might have done differently. The book has been updated with several newer and more timely stories.
The cell walls seem to close in as he buries his head in his hands. The same thoughts repeat over and over in his fogged mind: It all happened so quick. One second I was getting out of my car, the next he was attacking me. Now I'm being charged with manslaughter! How did this happen? It was self-defense . . . wasn't it? Prison is filled with people who thought they were defending themselves. Just saying, "It was self-defense" isn't enough. When you claim self-defense you are basically confessing to a crime. To keep from being convicted you must provide evidence your actions remained within certain boundaries and you acted with just cause. You're going to have to prove it was self-defense. That's assuming you stayed inside legal boundaries and acted reasonably in the first place. If you didn't . . . Now . . . are you sure you know what constitutes actual self-defense? If the honest answer is no, then this book is an absolute must-read! In the Name of Self-defense is an in-depth exploration of what is and what is not self-defense. It covers real-life problems overlooked by most training. Issues that will arise if you find yourself involved in violence. Most of all it will challenge what you think you know about defending yourself. Using the information contained in this book could mean the difference between legitimate self-defense, you laying in a parking lot, or prison! This book presents information unlike any you've seen before, focusing not only on the aftermath of an incident, but on what commonly leads to violence and how your actions before, during, and after will make or break your claim of self-defense. Learn about the limitations on self-defense, how to accurately assess a situation, scale force and concisely "articulate" the timeline of events to officers and legal professionals in a manner that reduces the chances of a misunderstanding . . . and a subsequent prison sentence. Whether you want to add to the knowledge you acquired as a beginner in a self-defense class or you're an instructor looking to further your own knowledge or a professional whose job requirements place you in potentially violent situations with dissatisfied clients or customers . . . it doesn't matter! In the Name of Self-defense is a must-read for everybody! If you're lucky, you will never need the information contained within these pages, but if you ever require it what you learn from this volume will be vital. Author and self-defense expert Marc MacYoung takes you on an entertaining journey through these lesser known (and some never-before-broached) aspects of self-defense. MacYoung helps readers understand how to avoid violence, how to use the appropriate amount of force if it happens, and how to present the facts in a way that self-defense is clearly understood and judged applicable to that situation. With a witty sense of humor and fifty years experience in a plethora of violent encounters coupled with a montage of experts in his corner, MacYoung delivers a thought-provoking examination of the world of self-defense and protecting yourself legally after being forced to protect yourself physically.
Defensive Living is your key to unlocking success in a less-than-perfect world. This enlightening book presents the truth about how other people think and how you can successfully deal with people from all walks of life. The secret teachings in Defensive Living are simple, smart, powerful, and insightful. Learn the truth about what is going on in the minds of those around you. In Defensive Living, you will learn: Strategies for dealing with different types of people What to look out for in business and personal relationships How to win the favor of almost everyone you meet How to use your competition or "enemies" to your advantage How to figure out what people are really thinking When it is best to remain silent and stay in the background How to speak and act to avoid being your own worst enemy How to successfully deal with dishonorable people Learn all this and much, much more from nine of the world's foremost authorities on human behavior and characteristics! Dr. Bohdi Sanders brings you the timeless wisdom of: Gracian, Guicciardini, La Rochefoucauld, Han Fei Tzu, Bruyere, Goethe, Chesterfield, Machiavelli, and Sun Tzu. He masterfully takes the time-tested teachings from each of these masters and adds his straightforward, common-sense commentaries, to combine for powerful and practical advice on living a successful life today. Defensive Living is truly your key to living safely in a malicious world. Author's note: This book was previously released under the title The Secrets of Worldly Wisdom."